Horizons   Tropical pine trees line the foreground in this view of far flung islands.
       
     
  Pinocchio Chameleon   The roughened horn at the tip of this chameleon’s snout may be used to attract a mate.
       
     
  Monte D’Ambre Chameleon   The forest was full of chameleon species, some no larger than a finger nail.
       
     
  Mating Butterflies   Jagged wing tips ring this brightly colored pair. Many butterfly species found on the islands are migratory.
       
     
  Montane Epiphytes   The humid climate of D’Ambre national park is perfect for the growth of ferns and bracken.
       
     
  Rich Soil   The forest’s thin layer of top soil supports an abundance of flora and fauna. The place was teeming with bird, reptile and insect life.
       
     
  Jungle Carpet   On the eastern slopes of Madagascar’s central ridge, where rain falls the year round, the jungle is deep and thick.
       
     
  Leafy Bottom   Rain courses down the sides of steep mountains and collects along the fertile valleys in rivers and streams. Here broad leaves are advantageous in their ability to capture sunlight.
       
     
  Old Roots   Strangler vines have the unique ability of sending their roots in search of fertile ground, in any direction imaginable. Thick vines twist and strangle each other in their search for sunlight.
       
     
  Tropical Bracken   Epiphytes, ferns and bracken fill the dark void left behind in the almost explosive growth of tropical plants and fungi.
       
     
  Sun Blessed   Streams of light fall on this fern with long, crinkly leaves. Sunlight is a rare commodity in the depths of this thick jungle.
       
     
  Ferny Families   Different types of epiphytes and ferns crowd the undergrowth in this forest in Northern Madagascar.
       
     
  Red Path   Large conifers and evergreens line this sun baked pathway in Monte D’Ambre Reserve.
       
     
  Overhang   Bracken and ferns hang from the branches of tall trees, absorbing nutrients from their bark and water from dew droplets.
       
     
  Crown of Ferns   Tree trunks are covered in the rich, green foliage of epiphytes and strangler vines.
       
     
  D’Ambre Canopies   Branches and vines, leaves and twigs, epiphytes and trees. All jostle for space at the heights of the jungle canopy.
       
     
  King of Ferns   Roots spill over onto a rich mound of soil in the lower reaches of the valley.
       
     
  Shaded Woodlands   Lemurs and other mammalian species favor this type of protected habitat. The mountainous forest is cooler than areas closer to the sea.
       
     
  Old Giants   Age old conifers and hardwoods towered above us in this mountainous forest in Northern Madagascar.
       
     
  Frilled Leaves   Epiphytes share nutrients and water with the trees that they grow upon.
       
     
  A Map of Trees   This canopy of trees resembled a meshwork of small rivers and green islands against the backdrop of a great blue sky.
       
     
  Trees of Madagascar   A whole manner of plants and trees bustle for space is this forest off the slopes of Monte D’Ambre.
       
     
  Mountain Chameleon   A female Monte D’Ambre chameleon makes her way down the bark of a strangler fig.
       
     
  Short Cut   A female Monte D’Ambre Chameleon crosses from one tree to another on a thin line of strangler fig.
       
     
  Edge of the Forest   Monte D’Ambre is a large mountain in the north of Madagascar. Its fertile slopes support an ancient forest brimming with exotic plants and endemic wildlife.
       
     
  Tree Lines   Branches and leaves create an intricate pattern against the sky in Monte D’Ambre’s natural reserve.
       
     
  Shades of Green   A fern’s leaves glow in the gentle sunlight of the forest undergrowth.
       
     
  Forest Road   A clearing in the vegetation creates a dirt track through the dense jungle growth.
       
     
  Shadows in the Foliage   Leaves and epiphytes dripping with moisture take root in the thin layer of soil on the jungle floor. Many of Madagascar’s plant species are endemic to the island.
       
     
  Warm Tracks   Iron rich soil and sun-baked clay create a straight road on the edge of the forest.
       
     
  Monte D’Ambre Chameleon   A steady gaze and a grasping tail make this the perfect insect ambush hunter.
       
     
  Shades of Green   Impressive camouflaging ability being displayed by this Monte D’Ambre chameleon adds an important dimension to its stealthy tactics.
       
     
  Fringe of Ferns   Epiphytes grow on trees, absorbing nutrients and minerals from their hosts and providing an environment for arboreal animals to live in.
       
     
  New Growth   Young shoots and leaves emerge g=from a green cluster on the side of this evergreen bark.
       
     
  The Hunter   A scavenging mongoose gives a sharp look over his shoulder. These animals are some of the most cunning in the entire forest.
       
     
  Tree Wall   A thick wall of tropical trees and plants marks the edge of this mountainous forest in the far north of Madagascar.
       
     
  Entwined   Strangler figs and other vines climb to the highest reaches of their tree hosts in an effort to reach the sun’s rays.
       
     
  Cow Herd   Two brothers lead their cattle through thick terrain on their way to a marketplace in a nearby village.
       
     
  Arid Plant Life   The thin blades of a succulent plant glisten in the evening light in a clearing in Monte D’Ambre forest reserve.
       
     
  Red Dust   The iron rich soil and sun drenched clay that make up this forest path gave it a fiery hue in the gentle evening light.
       
     
  Valerie   This young girl sells bananas on the edge of a main road in the north of Madagascar. Street vendors and market hawkers are common throughout the island.
       
     
  Fruity Giggles   Valerie and her cousins, Felosah and Nambui, laugh together as they pose for a photograph with their bananas. Monte D’Ambre reserve, Madagascar.
       
     
IMGP3989.jpg
       
     
IMGP3990.jpg
       
     
  Fariah and Lakoti   These two sisters live in a remote village on the foothills of Monte D’Ambre, an extinct volcano in the far north of Madagascar.
       
     
IMGP4014.jpg
       
     
IMGP4016.jpg
       
     
  Valerie   After packing up her bananas and other goods for the marketplace, Valerie rests on a pile of timber, a sign that logging is ongoing in the forest surrounding Monte D’Ambre.
       
     
IMGP4060.jpg
       
     
  Muslim Boys, Diego Suarez   Two brothers lean over the sacred walls of one of the oldest mosques in the Indian Ocean. The whole north of Madagascar felt dilapidated. A place forgotten by time.
       
     
  Adnan   His family have lived in this province for generations. Muslims are a minority in Madagascar but make up a large fraction of the country’s fishermen, textile workers, carpenters and traders. The Indian Ocean has long washed up people of different races, cultures and religions.
       
     
  Palm Courtyard   Palm trees and tropical plants spring from the earth in the ruins of this building in Diego Suarez. The ceiling had long caved in and the walls were just about balancing in their upright stance.
       
     
IMGP4120.jpg
       
     
IMGP4124.jpg
       
     
  Tuk Tuk   A motorized scooter taxi weaves its way through the sun drenched streets of Diego Suarez. this abandoned colonial building, one of many, served well as a shady look out spot to watch life go by.
       
     
IMGP4138.jpg
       
     
  Balancing Act   Wobbly scaffolding supports a crumbling arch that adorns the top of this colonial building in Diego Suarez. British, French and Portuguese relics lie in abundance in Madagascar’s second capital.
       
     
  Horizons   Tropical pine trees line the foreground in this view of far flung islands.
       
     

Horizons

Tropical pine trees line the foreground in this view of far flung islands.

  Pinocchio Chameleon   The roughened horn at the tip of this chameleon’s snout may be used to attract a mate.
       
     

Pinocchio Chameleon

The roughened horn at the tip of this chameleon’s snout may be used to attract a mate.

  Monte D’Ambre Chameleon   The forest was full of chameleon species, some no larger than a finger nail.
       
     

Monte D’Ambre Chameleon

The forest was full of chameleon species, some no larger than a finger nail.

  Mating Butterflies   Jagged wing tips ring this brightly colored pair. Many butterfly species found on the islands are migratory.
       
     

Mating Butterflies

Jagged wing tips ring this brightly colored pair. Many butterfly species found on the islands are migratory.

  Montane Epiphytes   The humid climate of D’Ambre national park is perfect for the growth of ferns and bracken.
       
     

Montane Epiphytes

The humid climate of D’Ambre national park is perfect for the growth of ferns and bracken.

  Rich Soil   The forest’s thin layer of top soil supports an abundance of flora and fauna. The place was teeming with bird, reptile and insect life.
       
     

Rich Soil

The forest’s thin layer of top soil supports an abundance of flora and fauna. The place was teeming with bird, reptile and insect life.

  Jungle Carpet   On the eastern slopes of Madagascar’s central ridge, where rain falls the year round, the jungle is deep and thick.
       
     

Jungle Carpet

On the eastern slopes of Madagascar’s central ridge, where rain falls the year round, the jungle is deep and thick.

  Leafy Bottom   Rain courses down the sides of steep mountains and collects along the fertile valleys in rivers and streams. Here broad leaves are advantageous in their ability to capture sunlight.
       
     

Leafy Bottom

Rain courses down the sides of steep mountains and collects along the fertile valleys in rivers and streams. Here broad leaves are advantageous in their ability to capture sunlight.

  Old Roots   Strangler vines have the unique ability of sending their roots in search of fertile ground, in any direction imaginable. Thick vines twist and strangle each other in their search for sunlight.
       
     

Old Roots

Strangler vines have the unique ability of sending their roots in search of fertile ground, in any direction imaginable. Thick vines twist and strangle each other in their search for sunlight.

  Tropical Bracken   Epiphytes, ferns and bracken fill the dark void left behind in the almost explosive growth of tropical plants and fungi.
       
     

Tropical Bracken

Epiphytes, ferns and bracken fill the dark void left behind in the almost explosive growth of tropical plants and fungi.

  Sun Blessed   Streams of light fall on this fern with long, crinkly leaves. Sunlight is a rare commodity in the depths of this thick jungle.
       
     

Sun Blessed

Streams of light fall on this fern with long, crinkly leaves. Sunlight is a rare commodity in the depths of this thick jungle.

  Ferny Families   Different types of epiphytes and ferns crowd the undergrowth in this forest in Northern Madagascar.
       
     

Ferny Families

Different types of epiphytes and ferns crowd the undergrowth in this forest in Northern Madagascar.

  Red Path   Large conifers and evergreens line this sun baked pathway in Monte D’Ambre Reserve.
       
     

Red Path

Large conifers and evergreens line this sun baked pathway in Monte D’Ambre Reserve.

  Overhang   Bracken and ferns hang from the branches of tall trees, absorbing nutrients from their bark and water from dew droplets.
       
     

Overhang

Bracken and ferns hang from the branches of tall trees, absorbing nutrients from their bark and water from dew droplets.

  Crown of Ferns   Tree trunks are covered in the rich, green foliage of epiphytes and strangler vines.
       
     

Crown of Ferns

Tree trunks are covered in the rich, green foliage of epiphytes and strangler vines.

  D’Ambre Canopies   Branches and vines, leaves and twigs, epiphytes and trees. All jostle for space at the heights of the jungle canopy.
       
     

D’Ambre Canopies

Branches and vines, leaves and twigs, epiphytes and trees. All jostle for space at the heights of the jungle canopy.

  King of Ferns   Roots spill over onto a rich mound of soil in the lower reaches of the valley.
       
     

King of Ferns

Roots spill over onto a rich mound of soil in the lower reaches of the valley.

  Shaded Woodlands   Lemurs and other mammalian species favor this type of protected habitat. The mountainous forest is cooler than areas closer to the sea.
       
     

Shaded Woodlands

Lemurs and other mammalian species favor this type of protected habitat. The mountainous forest is cooler than areas closer to the sea.

  Old Giants   Age old conifers and hardwoods towered above us in this mountainous forest in Northern Madagascar.
       
     

Old Giants

Age old conifers and hardwoods towered above us in this mountainous forest in Northern Madagascar.

  Frilled Leaves   Epiphytes share nutrients and water with the trees that they grow upon.
       
     

Frilled Leaves

Epiphytes share nutrients and water with the trees that they grow upon.

  A Map of Trees   This canopy of trees resembled a meshwork of small rivers and green islands against the backdrop of a great blue sky.
       
     

A Map of Trees

This canopy of trees resembled a meshwork of small rivers and green islands against the backdrop of a great blue sky.

  Trees of Madagascar   A whole manner of plants and trees bustle for space is this forest off the slopes of Monte D’Ambre.
       
     

Trees of Madagascar

A whole manner of plants and trees bustle for space is this forest off the slopes of Monte D’Ambre.

  Mountain Chameleon   A female Monte D’Ambre chameleon makes her way down the bark of a strangler fig.
       
     

Mountain Chameleon

A female Monte D’Ambre chameleon makes her way down the bark of a strangler fig.

  Short Cut   A female Monte D’Ambre Chameleon crosses from one tree to another on a thin line of strangler fig.
       
     

Short Cut

A female Monte D’Ambre Chameleon crosses from one tree to another on a thin line of strangler fig.

  Edge of the Forest   Monte D’Ambre is a large mountain in the north of Madagascar. Its fertile slopes support an ancient forest brimming with exotic plants and endemic wildlife.
       
     

Edge of the Forest

Monte D’Ambre is a large mountain in the north of Madagascar. Its fertile slopes support an ancient forest brimming with exotic plants and endemic wildlife.

  Tree Lines   Branches and leaves create an intricate pattern against the sky in Monte D’Ambre’s natural reserve.
       
     

Tree Lines

Branches and leaves create an intricate pattern against the sky in Monte D’Ambre’s natural reserve.

  Shades of Green   A fern’s leaves glow in the gentle sunlight of the forest undergrowth.
       
     

Shades of Green

A fern’s leaves glow in the gentle sunlight of the forest undergrowth.

  Forest Road   A clearing in the vegetation creates a dirt track through the dense jungle growth.
       
     

Forest Road

A clearing in the vegetation creates a dirt track through the dense jungle growth.

  Shadows in the Foliage   Leaves and epiphytes dripping with moisture take root in the thin layer of soil on the jungle floor. Many of Madagascar’s plant species are endemic to the island.
       
     

Shadows in the Foliage

Leaves and epiphytes dripping with moisture take root in the thin layer of soil on the jungle floor. Many of Madagascar’s plant species are endemic to the island.

  Warm Tracks   Iron rich soil and sun-baked clay create a straight road on the edge of the forest.
       
     

Warm Tracks

Iron rich soil and sun-baked clay create a straight road on the edge of the forest.

  Monte D’Ambre Chameleon   A steady gaze and a grasping tail make this the perfect insect ambush hunter.
       
     

Monte D’Ambre Chameleon

A steady gaze and a grasping tail make this the perfect insect ambush hunter.

  Shades of Green   Impressive camouflaging ability being displayed by this Monte D’Ambre chameleon adds an important dimension to its stealthy tactics.
       
     

Shades of Green

Impressive camouflaging ability being displayed by this Monte D’Ambre chameleon adds an important dimension to its stealthy tactics.

  Fringe of Ferns   Epiphytes grow on trees, absorbing nutrients and minerals from their hosts and providing an environment for arboreal animals to live in.
       
     

Fringe of Ferns

Epiphytes grow on trees, absorbing nutrients and minerals from their hosts and providing an environment for arboreal animals to live in.

  New Growth   Young shoots and leaves emerge g=from a green cluster on the side of this evergreen bark.
       
     

New Growth

Young shoots and leaves emerge g=from a green cluster on the side of this evergreen bark.

  The Hunter   A scavenging mongoose gives a sharp look over his shoulder. These animals are some of the most cunning in the entire forest.
       
     

The Hunter

A scavenging mongoose gives a sharp look over his shoulder. These animals are some of the most cunning in the entire forest.

  Tree Wall   A thick wall of tropical trees and plants marks the edge of this mountainous forest in the far north of Madagascar.
       
     

Tree Wall

A thick wall of tropical trees and plants marks the edge of this mountainous forest in the far north of Madagascar.

  Entwined   Strangler figs and other vines climb to the highest reaches of their tree hosts in an effort to reach the sun’s rays.
       
     

Entwined

Strangler figs and other vines climb to the highest reaches of their tree hosts in an effort to reach the sun’s rays.

  Cow Herd   Two brothers lead their cattle through thick terrain on their way to a marketplace in a nearby village.
       
     

Cow Herd

Two brothers lead their cattle through thick terrain on their way to a marketplace in a nearby village.

  Arid Plant Life   The thin blades of a succulent plant glisten in the evening light in a clearing in Monte D’Ambre forest reserve.
       
     

Arid Plant Life

The thin blades of a succulent plant glisten in the evening light in a clearing in Monte D’Ambre forest reserve.

  Red Dust   The iron rich soil and sun drenched clay that make up this forest path gave it a fiery hue in the gentle evening light.
       
     

Red Dust

The iron rich soil and sun drenched clay that make up this forest path gave it a fiery hue in the gentle evening light.

  Valerie   This young girl sells bananas on the edge of a main road in the north of Madagascar. Street vendors and market hawkers are common throughout the island.
       
     

Valerie

This young girl sells bananas on the edge of a main road in the north of Madagascar. Street vendors and market hawkers are common throughout the island.

  Fruity Giggles   Valerie and her cousins, Felosah and Nambui, laugh together as they pose for a photograph with their bananas. Monte D’Ambre reserve, Madagascar.
       
     

Fruity Giggles

Valerie and her cousins, Felosah and Nambui, laugh together as they pose for a photograph with their bananas. Monte D’Ambre reserve, Madagascar.

IMGP3989.jpg
       
     
IMGP3990.jpg
       
     
  Fariah and Lakoti   These two sisters live in a remote village on the foothills of Monte D’Ambre, an extinct volcano in the far north of Madagascar.
       
     

Fariah and Lakoti

These two sisters live in a remote village on the foothills of Monte D’Ambre, an extinct volcano in the far north of Madagascar.

IMGP4014.jpg
       
     
IMGP4016.jpg
       
     
  Valerie   After packing up her bananas and other goods for the marketplace, Valerie rests on a pile of timber, a sign that logging is ongoing in the forest surrounding Monte D’Ambre.
       
     

Valerie

After packing up her bananas and other goods for the marketplace, Valerie rests on a pile of timber, a sign that logging is ongoing in the forest surrounding Monte D’Ambre.

IMGP4060.jpg
       
     
  Muslim Boys, Diego Suarez   Two brothers lean over the sacred walls of one of the oldest mosques in the Indian Ocean. The whole north of Madagascar felt dilapidated. A place forgotten by time.
       
     

Muslim Boys, Diego Suarez

Two brothers lean over the sacred walls of one of the oldest mosques in the Indian Ocean. The whole north of Madagascar felt dilapidated. A place forgotten by time.

  Adnan   His family have lived in this province for generations. Muslims are a minority in Madagascar but make up a large fraction of the country’s fishermen, textile workers, carpenters and traders. The Indian Ocean has long washed up people of different races, cultures and religions.
       
     

Adnan

His family have lived in this province for generations. Muslims are a minority in Madagascar but make up a large fraction of the country’s fishermen, textile workers, carpenters and traders. The Indian Ocean has long washed up people of different races, cultures and religions.

  Palm Courtyard   Palm trees and tropical plants spring from the earth in the ruins of this building in Diego Suarez. The ceiling had long caved in and the walls were just about balancing in their upright stance.
       
     

Palm Courtyard

Palm trees and tropical plants spring from the earth in the ruins of this building in Diego Suarez. The ceiling had long caved in and the walls were just about balancing in their upright stance.

IMGP4120.jpg
       
     
IMGP4124.jpg
       
     
  Tuk Tuk   A motorized scooter taxi weaves its way through the sun drenched streets of Diego Suarez. this abandoned colonial building, one of many, served well as a shady look out spot to watch life go by.
       
     

Tuk Tuk

A motorized scooter taxi weaves its way through the sun drenched streets of Diego Suarez. this abandoned colonial building, one of many, served well as a shady look out spot to watch life go by.

IMGP4138.jpg
       
     
  Balancing Act   Wobbly scaffolding supports a crumbling arch that adorns the top of this colonial building in Diego Suarez. British, French and Portuguese relics lie in abundance in Madagascar’s second capital.
       
     

Balancing Act

Wobbly scaffolding supports a crumbling arch that adorns the top of this colonial building in Diego Suarez. British, French and Portuguese relics lie in abundance in Madagascar’s second capital.