Long Wait   A mother carries her child as they queue up for a vaccine jab outside a health clinic in Antananarivo.
       
     
  All in Line   Visitors peer into the bed chambers of long-gone royal dynasties. School outings turned up at the fort throughout the day.
       
     
  Comforting Roots   Families tend to gravitate towards sacred sites on weekends and the old trees provide much needed shade and an air of peace.
       
     
  Old Tree   Spiders are ubiquitous in Madagascar, and this dead tree was a haven for spider hatchlings.
       
     
  Written in Stone   Ancient fortresses belonging to fantastic kingdoms dot the city. Today they offer a peaceful retreat, away from the bustle of city life. This girl was waiting for her mother to conclude her spiritual duties.
       
     
  The Ritual Tree   The horns and skulls of Zebu are used to ward off evil spirits that lurk amongst the shadows of an ancient tree.
       
     
  Horns of Superstition   Zebu horns are used to ward off the evil eye.
       
     
  Family Traditions   A father rests with his daughter on the terrace of an ancient fort. For people living in the city, family time is an important part of the day.
       
     
  Royal Hills   The mountains, streams and valleys that stretch around Antananarivo in a seemingly endless swathe were once a large kingdom belonging to a powerful queen ruler.
       
     
  Sheltered from the Heat   A mother's broad-rimmed straw hat protects her young child from the glare of the day. Many rural families move into the city each summer, attracted by the prospects of work and educational opportunities.
       
     
  The Chambers   Intricate floral etchings line the doorway to a royal bedroom.
       
     
  A Symbolic Leaf   You take the Poinsettia leaf, fold it in half, and you get the shape of our island, Madagascar! The plant is endemic to the lowland forests that surround the Highland plateau.
       
     
  A Guide's Eyes   Our guide through the ancient cities had a kindly face and here I focused on her eyes and the gentle wisdom behind them.
       
     
  School Trip   A class is brought to an ancient fortress and treated to a fine view of their home city.
       
     
  We're On Our Way   Two school boys hurry to join their class, jumping over sandstone and marble and seemingly running mid-air.
       
     
  Pruning   This man was using a fishing line to gently prune large poinsettia trees and rid them of dead leaves. Sacred sites like this fort are given much attention.
       
     
  The Gardener   I liked his old country cap and gentle face, but he was rather shy of the lens and happily returned to poinsettia pruning as soon as I was done.
       
     
  Chicks in a Row   Like most African countries, poultry run freely in Madagascar. These chicks are admiring the remains of an ancient civilization.
       
     
  Some Gentle Encouragement   A chick comforts his brother, temporarily struck by the dizzying heights around him.
       
     
  The Butcher Boy   A wary butcher's apprentice steals a glance behind heavy cuts of meat. A lot of daily produce is sold on the streets, which quickly become congested on busy mornings.
       
     
  Hanging Bananas   One of Madagascar's 'cash crops'. These may well have come from the eastern coast where large swathes of virgin rainforest were cleared to make room for coconut, plantain, sugarcane and banana plantations, with disastrous environmental repercussions.
       
     
  Zebu Meat   A staple for many, Zebu meat is prized for its rich flavour, Wealth in rural communities is often based on the number of zebu cattle owned.
       
     
  Protective Mother   Chicks huddle under their mother's warm feathers as they prepare for a night on the streets. 
       
     
  Chickens in Passing   Golden feathers and red crests look dazzling in the faltering evening sun.
       
     
  The Hunter Sketch   I found this hanging in my hotel room. It shows a fairly standard depiction of naked pre-colonial Africans hunting wild game. The setting could not be Madagascar however as wild boar are only found on the continent. Perhaps this was a neighboring country, such as Mozambique.
       
     
 Imofana's Parrot  One of the hotel maids, Imofana plays with a friendly African Grey parrot.
       
     
  Cultural Steps   School children revel in their time out of class and enjoy weaving their way through an ancient palace.
       
     
  Girl in a Pink Jacket   School children pose to have their photo taken during an outing to a  historical site. City dwellers are far more used to cameras than their rural counterparts.
       
     
  Break Time   A nearby school uses the ancient palace courtyard as a place for children to enjoy their break from class. Football and marbles are the rule of the day.
       
     
  Ancient Cracks   A guide points at interesting scratch marks on the palace walls.
       
     
  Up on the Bridge   Children evidently enjoying a school outing.
       
     
  Silent Steps   The inner confines of a deserted palace. The walls and steps had an echoing intensity about them.
       
     
  Mariana's Steps   Her silhouette ascends the same staircase used by a long line of queen rulers in historic times.
       
     
  Entwined   Stairs leading into the main living space coil towards one another.
       
     
  Sacred Tree   A quiet picnic spot sets a mystical mood. 
       
     
  Bamboo Forest   Thick bamboo cover protects villagers from the sun's intense rays. The elusive bamboo lemur species favor this habitat.
       
     
  Magpie Robin   A brilliant head of blue plumage boosts his chances of attracting a mate.
       
     
  Forest Floor   Strangler fig roots cover the ground as every tree vies for the sun.
       
     
  Aloe Vera and Tamarisk   Hardy, water-conserving plants grow best in the semi-arid plains of central Madagascar.
       
     
  Sunset on the Hills   The rich pastures take on golden hues under the late afternoon sky.
       
     
  Street Butcher   Roadside stalls are typically very basic, their produce hung up for inspection. 
       
     
  Tana Taxi   Renault Quatrelles and Citroen Dollies are the commonest taxi cars around, reflecting the French influence from years of colonialisation.
       
     
  Cola Advert   Many advertisements are hand painted on stone walls, growing in character as they are chipped away in time. 
       
     
  A Man's City   Two young men take time to relax on a large terrace overlooking the city of Antananarivo, as yet unaware of what this night has in store for them.
       
     
  Tana's Skyline   Rundown buildings and abandoned high-rises are taken up by squatters in the rougher parts of town. Tana is a heavily polluted and rather grimy city but on street level it is a feast for curious eyes.
       
     
  Sunset on Tana   The conglomeration of houses in the city's metropolis shines in the late evening.
       
     
  Notebook: In a Foreign City   My great traveling friend Juan surveys the plains before him, with the ever present panama hat securely in place.
       
     
  Long Wait   A mother carries her child as they queue up for a vaccine jab outside a health clinic in Antananarivo.
       
     

Long Wait

A mother carries her child as they queue up for a vaccine jab outside a health clinic in Antananarivo.

  All in Line   Visitors peer into the bed chambers of long-gone royal dynasties. School outings turned up at the fort throughout the day.
       
     

All in Line

Visitors peer into the bed chambers of long-gone royal dynasties. School outings turned up at the fort throughout the day.

  Comforting Roots   Families tend to gravitate towards sacred sites on weekends and the old trees provide much needed shade and an air of peace.
       
     

Comforting Roots

Families tend to gravitate towards sacred sites on weekends and the old trees provide much needed shade and an air of peace.

  Old Tree   Spiders are ubiquitous in Madagascar, and this dead tree was a haven for spider hatchlings.
       
     

Old Tree

Spiders are ubiquitous in Madagascar, and this dead tree was a haven for spider hatchlings.

  Written in Stone   Ancient fortresses belonging to fantastic kingdoms dot the city. Today they offer a peaceful retreat, away from the bustle of city life. This girl was waiting for her mother to conclude her spiritual duties.
       
     

Written in Stone

Ancient fortresses belonging to fantastic kingdoms dot the city. Today they offer a peaceful retreat, away from the bustle of city life. This girl was waiting for her mother to conclude her spiritual duties.

  The Ritual Tree   The horns and skulls of Zebu are used to ward off evil spirits that lurk amongst the shadows of an ancient tree.
       
     

The Ritual Tree

The horns and skulls of Zebu are used to ward off evil spirits that lurk amongst the shadows of an ancient tree.

  Horns of Superstition   Zebu horns are used to ward off the evil eye.
       
     

Horns of Superstition

Zebu horns are used to ward off the evil eye.

  Family Traditions   A father rests with his daughter on the terrace of an ancient fort. For people living in the city, family time is an important part of the day.
       
     

Family Traditions

A father rests with his daughter on the terrace of an ancient fort. For people living in the city, family time is an important part of the day.

  Royal Hills   The mountains, streams and valleys that stretch around Antananarivo in a seemingly endless swathe were once a large kingdom belonging to a powerful queen ruler.
       
     

Royal Hills

The mountains, streams and valleys that stretch around Antananarivo in a seemingly endless swathe were once a large kingdom belonging to a powerful queen ruler.

  Sheltered from the Heat   A mother's broad-rimmed straw hat protects her young child from the glare of the day. Many rural families move into the city each summer, attracted by the prospects of work and educational opportunities.
       
     

Sheltered from the Heat

A mother's broad-rimmed straw hat protects her young child from the glare of the day. Many rural families move into the city each summer, attracted by the prospects of work and educational opportunities.

  The Chambers   Intricate floral etchings line the doorway to a royal bedroom.
       
     

The Chambers

Intricate floral etchings line the doorway to a royal bedroom.

  A Symbolic Leaf   You take the Poinsettia leaf, fold it in half, and you get the shape of our island, Madagascar! The plant is endemic to the lowland forests that surround the Highland plateau.
       
     

A Symbolic Leaf

You take the Poinsettia leaf, fold it in half, and you get the shape of our island, Madagascar! The plant is endemic to the lowland forests that surround the Highland plateau.

  A Guide's Eyes   Our guide through the ancient cities had a kindly face and here I focused on her eyes and the gentle wisdom behind them.
       
     

A Guide's Eyes

Our guide through the ancient cities had a kindly face and here I focused on her eyes and the gentle wisdom behind them.

  School Trip   A class is brought to an ancient fortress and treated to a fine view of their home city.
       
     

School Trip

A class is brought to an ancient fortress and treated to a fine view of their home city.

  We're On Our Way   Two school boys hurry to join their class, jumping over sandstone and marble and seemingly running mid-air.
       
     

We're On Our Way

Two school boys hurry to join their class, jumping over sandstone and marble and seemingly running mid-air.

  Pruning   This man was using a fishing line to gently prune large poinsettia trees and rid them of dead leaves. Sacred sites like this fort are given much attention.
       
     

Pruning

This man was using a fishing line to gently prune large poinsettia trees and rid them of dead leaves. Sacred sites like this fort are given much attention.

  The Gardener   I liked his old country cap and gentle face, but he was rather shy of the lens and happily returned to poinsettia pruning as soon as I was done.
       
     

The Gardener

I liked his old country cap and gentle face, but he was rather shy of the lens and happily returned to poinsettia pruning as soon as I was done.

  Chicks in a Row   Like most African countries, poultry run freely in Madagascar. These chicks are admiring the remains of an ancient civilization.
       
     

Chicks in a Row

Like most African countries, poultry run freely in Madagascar. These chicks are admiring the remains of an ancient civilization.

  Some Gentle Encouragement   A chick comforts his brother, temporarily struck by the dizzying heights around him.
       
     

Some Gentle Encouragement

A chick comforts his brother, temporarily struck by the dizzying heights around him.

  The Butcher Boy   A wary butcher's apprentice steals a glance behind heavy cuts of meat. A lot of daily produce is sold on the streets, which quickly become congested on busy mornings.
       
     

The Butcher Boy

A wary butcher's apprentice steals a glance behind heavy cuts of meat. A lot of daily produce is sold on the streets, which quickly become congested on busy mornings.

  Hanging Bananas   One of Madagascar's 'cash crops'. These may well have come from the eastern coast where large swathes of virgin rainforest were cleared to make room for coconut, plantain, sugarcane and banana plantations, with disastrous environmental repercussions.
       
     

Hanging Bananas

One of Madagascar's 'cash crops'. These may well have come from the eastern coast where large swathes of virgin rainforest were cleared to make room for coconut, plantain, sugarcane and banana plantations, with disastrous environmental repercussions.

  Zebu Meat   A staple for many, Zebu meat is prized for its rich flavour, Wealth in rural communities is often based on the number of zebu cattle owned.
       
     

Zebu Meat

A staple for many, Zebu meat is prized for its rich flavour, Wealth in rural communities is often based on the number of zebu cattle owned.

  Protective Mother   Chicks huddle under their mother's warm feathers as they prepare for a night on the streets. 
       
     

Protective Mother

Chicks huddle under their mother's warm feathers as they prepare for a night on the streets. 

  Chickens in Passing   Golden feathers and red crests look dazzling in the faltering evening sun.
       
     

Chickens in Passing

Golden feathers and red crests look dazzling in the faltering evening sun.

  The Hunter Sketch   I found this hanging in my hotel room. It shows a fairly standard depiction of naked pre-colonial Africans hunting wild game. The setting could not be Madagascar however as wild boar are only found on the continent. Perhaps this was a neighboring country, such as Mozambique.
       
     

The Hunter Sketch

I found this hanging in my hotel room. It shows a fairly standard depiction of naked pre-colonial Africans hunting wild game. The setting could not be Madagascar however as wild boar are only found on the continent. Perhaps this was a neighboring country, such as Mozambique.

 Imofana's Parrot  One of the hotel maids, Imofana plays with a friendly African Grey parrot.
       
     

Imofana's Parrot

One of the hotel maids, Imofana plays with a friendly African Grey parrot.

  Cultural Steps   School children revel in their time out of class and enjoy weaving their way through an ancient palace.
       
     

Cultural Steps

School children revel in their time out of class and enjoy weaving their way through an ancient palace.

  Girl in a Pink Jacket   School children pose to have their photo taken during an outing to a  historical site. City dwellers are far more used to cameras than their rural counterparts.
       
     

Girl in a Pink Jacket

School children pose to have their photo taken during an outing to a  historical site. City dwellers are far more used to cameras than their rural counterparts.

  Break Time   A nearby school uses the ancient palace courtyard as a place for children to enjoy their break from class. Football and marbles are the rule of the day.
       
     

Break Time

A nearby school uses the ancient palace courtyard as a place for children to enjoy their break from class. Football and marbles are the rule of the day.

  Ancient Cracks   A guide points at interesting scratch marks on the palace walls.
       
     

Ancient Cracks

A guide points at interesting scratch marks on the palace walls.

  Up on the Bridge   Children evidently enjoying a school outing.
       
     

Up on the Bridge

Children evidently enjoying a school outing.

  Silent Steps   The inner confines of a deserted palace. The walls and steps had an echoing intensity about them.
       
     

Silent Steps

The inner confines of a deserted palace. The walls and steps had an echoing intensity about them.

  Mariana's Steps   Her silhouette ascends the same staircase used by a long line of queen rulers in historic times.
       
     

Mariana's Steps

Her silhouette ascends the same staircase used by a long line of queen rulers in historic times.

  Entwined   Stairs leading into the main living space coil towards one another.
       
     

Entwined

Stairs leading into the main living space coil towards one another.

  Sacred Tree   A quiet picnic spot sets a mystical mood. 
       
     

Sacred Tree

A quiet picnic spot sets a mystical mood. 

  Bamboo Forest   Thick bamboo cover protects villagers from the sun's intense rays. The elusive bamboo lemur species favor this habitat.
       
     

Bamboo Forest

Thick bamboo cover protects villagers from the sun's intense rays. The elusive bamboo lemur species favor this habitat.

  Magpie Robin   A brilliant head of blue plumage boosts his chances of attracting a mate.
       
     

Magpie Robin

A brilliant head of blue plumage boosts his chances of attracting a mate.

  Forest Floor   Strangler fig roots cover the ground as every tree vies for the sun.
       
     

Forest Floor

Strangler fig roots cover the ground as every tree vies for the sun.

  Aloe Vera and Tamarisk   Hardy, water-conserving plants grow best in the semi-arid plains of central Madagascar.
       
     

Aloe Vera and Tamarisk

Hardy, water-conserving plants grow best in the semi-arid plains of central Madagascar.

  Sunset on the Hills   The rich pastures take on golden hues under the late afternoon sky.
       
     

Sunset on the Hills

The rich pastures take on golden hues under the late afternoon sky.

  Street Butcher   Roadside stalls are typically very basic, their produce hung up for inspection. 
       
     

Street Butcher

Roadside stalls are typically very basic, their produce hung up for inspection. 

  Tana Taxi   Renault Quatrelles and Citroen Dollies are the commonest taxi cars around, reflecting the French influence from years of colonialisation.
       
     

Tana Taxi

Renault Quatrelles and Citroen Dollies are the commonest taxi cars around, reflecting the French influence from years of colonialisation.

  Cola Advert   Many advertisements are hand painted on stone walls, growing in character as they are chipped away in time. 
       
     

Cola Advert

Many advertisements are hand painted on stone walls, growing in character as they are chipped away in time. 

  A Man's City   Two young men take time to relax on a large terrace overlooking the city of Antananarivo, as yet unaware of what this night has in store for them.
       
     

A Man's City

Two young men take time to relax on a large terrace overlooking the city of Antananarivo, as yet unaware of what this night has in store for them.

  Tana's Skyline   Rundown buildings and abandoned high-rises are taken up by squatters in the rougher parts of town. Tana is a heavily polluted and rather grimy city but on street level it is a feast for curious eyes.
       
     

Tana's Skyline

Rundown buildings and abandoned high-rises are taken up by squatters in the rougher parts of town. Tana is a heavily polluted and rather grimy city but on street level it is a feast for curious eyes.

  Sunset on Tana   The conglomeration of houses in the city's metropolis shines in the late evening.
       
     

Sunset on Tana

The conglomeration of houses in the city's metropolis shines in the late evening.

  Notebook: In a Foreign City   My great traveling friend Juan surveys the plains before him, with the ever present panama hat securely in place.
       
     

Notebook: In a Foreign City

My great traveling friend Juan surveys the plains before him, with the ever present panama hat securely in place.