The Black and White Ruffed Lemur   One of the most confident lemurs we came across was the Black and White Ruffed. Those beautiful amber eyes were irresistible.
       
     
  The King of Lemurs   His costume is fancy, complete with a white collar of Elizabethan extravagance. Black and white ruffed lemurs have loud calls and exceptional agility.
       
     
  Lucile   Warm jumpers and weather-proof jackets are important for life on the bare hills of central Madagascar.
       
     
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  Madagascar Mongoose   A sharp-witted hunter, the mongoose is daring and ingenious in his hunt for a good meal.
       
     
  Indri   The loudest and most iconic call to echo through the foothills of Madagascar’s rainforests belongs to the Indri. Calls can be heard from hundreds of kilometers away in almost ghostly notes.
       
     
  Notebook: The Golden Sifaka   Golden Sifakas were often the most boisterous species we came across. Strictly arboreal, they are at their happiest high in the canopies.
       
     
  Moving Out   The diademed sifaka (Propithecus diadema), or diademed simpona, is an endangered species of sifaka, one of the lemurs endemic to certain rainforests in eastern Madagascar.
       
     
  Social Behaviour   The diademed sifaka forms groups typically of two to ten individuals, which may include multiple male and female adults. Each troop defends an exclusive home territory of 25 to 50 hectares (62 to 125 acres) using perimeter scent territorial marking by both the males and females.
       
     
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  Balanced Diet   A lemur tucks into a fig whilst keeping a beady eye on his rival close by.
       
     
  Varied Diet   To accomplish this it consumes a diet high in energy content and diverse in plant content, each day consuming over 25 different vegetative species. This diurnal lemur further diversifies its diet by consuming not only fruits, but certain flowers, seeds and verdant leaves, in proportions that vary by season.
       
     
  Lemur Acrobatics   The ease by which lemurs are able to dart from trunk to trunk and zip along the tree canopy is astonishing. Here, a Diademed Sifaka reaches out for a cluster of figs.
       
     
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  Hanging On   That hand, so human like, with its long fingers for tree climbing and fruit picking, may well remind us that we began our lives in the trees.
       
     
  Quick Mover    P. diadema  is thought to traverse the greatest daily path distance relative to other members of its family in its patrolling and foraging, attaining a typical travel distance in excess of 1.6 kilometres (one mile) per day.
       
     
  A Curious Glance   I often wondered why lemur eyes are so brightly coloured. The very fabric of their make up is so incredibly beautiful.
       
     
  Bark in the Jungle   A Red Ruffed Lemur signals to one of his mates that he has found a clearing in the rainforest of his own.
       
     
  Irresistible Eyes   Bright orbs peer through the foliage of a fig tree in Andasibe rainforest.
       
     
  Notebook: Lemur Lunches   Lemurs appear to enjoy an omnivorous diet with a mix of fruit, nuts and insects. A fig here and there would never go amiss.
       
     
  Lemur Lips   The diademed sifaka makes a warning call resembling the sound "kiss-sneeze" when a terrestrial predator is perceived. The sole terrestrial predators of P. diadema are the fossa and Nile crocodile.
       
     
  Elizabethan Get Up   The white collar stands out in full glory in this Ruffed lemur, one of the larger species found on the island.
       
     
  Curious Stare   Lemurs are naturally inquisitive and would peer down at us from the tree tops as we made our way along the forest path.
       
     
  Endangered Beings   The black-and-white ruffed lemur (Varecia variegata) is an endangered species of ruffed lemur, one of two which are endemic to the island of Madagascar. Despite having a larger range than the red ruffed lemur, it has a much smaller population that is spread out, living in lower population densities and reproductively isolated.
       
     
  Ruffed Lemur   Keen senses are essential for life in the rainforest. Lemur groups are highly territorial and will challenge each other for their own patch of space in the lush undergrowth.
       
     
  White Bib and Orange Eyes   There is a wide variety of lemurs in Madagascar, from the tiny nocturnal mouse lemurs to the grander species, such as the Black and White Ruffed. His bright orange eyes were startling to behold.
       
     
  Specialist Fruiters   Wild black-and-white ruffed lemurs have a highly frugiviorous diet, with fruit making up 92% of their overall diet. Smaller percentages of leaves, nectar, seeds, and even fungi make up the remainder. Their diet is also influenced by the seasons, with certain plant parts and fruits only ripening or becoming available during certain times of the year. Water consumption also varies throughout the year and can be influenced by diet.
       
     
  Lemur Profile   There is nothing quite like a lemur. They are so peculiar and fascinating in their own right. Their profiles are truly different to those of monkeys, primates and ourselves.
       
     
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  Female Dominance   Black-and-white ruffed lemurs demonstrate the rare behavior of female social dominance both within and outside the context of feedings. This is also found in other ruffed lemurs as well as in ring-tailed lemurs. Aggressive interactions between males and females are usually won by the female even when they do not show aggressive behavior towards the male.
       
     
  Gentle Soul   A Ruffed Lemur gazes at a plate of fruit offered up by one of the park rangers. They serenity and intelligence of his gaze was endearing.
       
     
  Tastes Familiar   Lemurs pick up the scent of a relative or rival by tasting residues of their urine left on tree barks.
       
     
  On the Move   Lemurs are strictly arboreal, spending the great majority of their lives up in the trees. They feel most at home jumping from branch to branch or lazing in the canopies.
       
     
  Seasonal Behaviours   Unlike other species of lemurs, black-and-white ruffed lemur females occasionally show submission and more aggression needs to be maintained in order for the female to win the interaction instead of having an undecided interaction. Male aggression does not vary among seasons.
       
     
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  Are You Serious?   This lemur gave his younger cousin a disparaging look.
       
     
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  Sounding Alarms   The black-and-white ruffed lemur demonstrates several different call types each of which last several seconds. Most lemurs of a group participate in any one chorus. These lemurs are particularly known for their loud roar/shriek choruses which have several purposes including group movement, spacing among different groups, and alarming other members of the group of predators. 
       
     
  A Lemur’s Call   Unlike the calls of other species, the calls of the black-and-white ruffed lemur are not likely to be for the establishment of territory for a group. The calling behavior is participated in throughout the course of a day, not concentrated at any one point of the day; however calls are usually not heard at night.
       
     
  A Home in Trouble   Who knows what goes on in that lemur brain of his and whether he contemplates the full gravity of the deforestation and destruction of his homeland. We have much to learn from Lemurs.
       
     
  Hunted   While predators may be a large threat to the black and white ruffed lemur, the principal threat to their survival comes from the human inhabitants of the island. Since they are comparatively large to other species of lemurs they are hunted as bushmeat by poachers and village men who are looking to feed their families.
       
     
  Future Sights   The prospect of further habitat loss is a dim one for this Black and White Ruffed Lemur.
       
     
  Re-Introduction   Black-and-white ruffed lemurs were part of a reintroduction program from 1997 to 2001, organized by the Madagascar Fauna Group and the Duke University Primate Center (now Duke Lemur Center). A total of 13 individuals that were born in human care in the United States were released at the Betampona Reserve, which is in their native range in the rainforests of eastern Madagascar.
       
     
  Canines    Red-Fronted Brown Lemurs have a very particular dentition. A keen gaze helps them find food and members of their group in the undergrowth.
       
     
  Lavish Coat   The Red-Fronted Brown Lemur is a highly active and boisterous species with a rich brown coat and dazzling eyes.
       
     
  Bewilderment   A lemur’s eyes appear to be wide open in excitement. Perhaps a juicy fig or delicious bug is within sight.
       
     
  Yawn Wide, Climb High   A Red-Fronted Brown Lemur kicks back on an overcast and humid afternoon in Andasibe.
       
     
  Melon-Melon   A Lemur tucks into one of his favorite snacks in the sanctity of a lush rainforest.
       
     
 One of a Kind  The red-fronted lemur (Eulemur rufifrons), also known as the red-fronted brown lemur or southern red-fronted brown lemur, is a species of lemur from Madagascar.
       
     
  Vociferous    The Red-Fronted Brown Lemurs certainly have no lack of confidence. They are daring, quick-witted and spirited things that zip across forest canopies and snatch food out of the hands of quieter lemur species.
       
     
  Evening Hang Out   A Black and White Ruffed Lemur dangles from the forest canopy on a beautiful evening in Andasibe, Madagascar.
       
     
  Lemurbatics 1   This Black and White Ruffed was as daring as he was flexible.
       
     
  Lemurbatics 2   One last sniff of the hand to ensure that he is within his family’s territory and a day’s work is done for this lemur.
       
     
  The Eastern Bamboo Lemur   A most royally-named member of the Lemuridae family, this wonderful character has a taste for bamboo shoots. The eastern lesser bamboo lemur (Hapalemur griseus), also known as the gray bamboo lemur, the gray gentle lemur, and the Mahajanga lemur is a small lemur endemic to Madagascar, with three known subspecies.
       
     
  Bamboo Baby   As its name suggests, the eastern lesser bamboo lemur feeds mainly on bamboo. The lemurs of the genus Hapalemur have more manual dexterity and hand–eye coordination than most lemurs.[4] They are vertical climbers and jump from stalk to stalk in thick bamboo forests.
       
     
  Up Above   Eyes and nose darting this way and that, the chattering bamboo lemurs are much smaller than most of their counterparts but are just as spirited as any of them.
       
     
  Tree Hugger   The male Bamboo Lemur sports a dazzling orange toupee to attract mates within his lush, forested world.
       
     
  Sight of a Fig   Bamboo lemurs have their favorite dishes. This one has spotted a bunch of small figs hanging from a strangler vine.
       
     
  Tomaye and Arufa   A young park ranger cradles an orphaned red-fronted brown lemur on his shoulder as he meets visitors to Andasibe Biosphere reserve.
       
     
  Bitter Sweet   Lemurs enjoy a diet mix of insects and fruit.
       
     
  Erm.. OK   This lemur looks awfully perturbed by something!
       
     
  Bamboo Legacy   The eastern lesser bamboo lemur (Hapalemur griseus griseus), also known as the gray bamboo lemur, eastern gray bamboo lemur, or gray gentle lemur, was the original species described in 1795 by Johann Heinrich Friedrich Link. It is grey in colour, sometimes with a red patch on its head.
       
     
  Delicate Flick   A bamboo lemur licks his lips after feasting on sweet figs.
       
     
  Lemur Profile   The fuzzy brow of a bamboo lemur stands out against the green backdrop of his rainforest home.
       
     
  Notebook: Lemur Coinage   The perfectly round profile of a Golden Bamboo Lemur would make the perfect coin for a the Malagasy Mint.
       
     
  Gentle Profile   Bamboo lemurs were first described by French zoologist Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire in 1851. Comparing their small size, proportions, speckled fur, and other traits to those of marmosets—then classified in the genus Hapale—he named the genus Hapalemur. Hapale derives from the Greek word απαλός (hapalos), meaning "gentle".
       
     
  Hopeful   A lemur stands up to the dangers that threaten his natural home, a rainforest fringing the eastern shores of Madagascar. Logging and deforestation are a constant threat to this animal’s future.
       
     
  Whiskers, Whiskers Everywhere   Lemurs are perfectly adapted for life in the undergrowth. Whiskers, a keen sense of sight and smell, and impeccable hearing allow them to find their food and one another.
       
     
  Characteristics   The bamboo lemurs are characterized by a grey-brown fur, which varies by species. Their muzzles are short and their ears are round and hairy. Lengths vary from 26 to 46 cm, with tails just as long or longer, and they weigh up to 2.5 kg.
       
     
  Lemuring Away   A Golden Bamboo Lemur licks his fingers clean after dealing with a bunch of sticky figs.
       
     
  Table Manners   Licking of fingers is only natural when one wants to savor the very sweetest parts of a juicy mango.
       
     
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 Tree-Heads  Bamboo lemurs prefer damp forests where bamboo grows. Although they can be active any time of the day, they are often active just after dawn. Though primarily arboreal, they sometimes come down to the ground. The Lac Alaotra gentle lemur or bandro (Hapalemur alaotrensis), which lives in the reed beds of Lac Alaotra, spends much of its time in water and can swim well, unlike other lemur species, which only venture to water to drink.
       
     
  Reaching Down   The red-fronted brown lemur is a skilled acrobat.
       
     
  Wondrous Bamboo Lemurs   One of the rarest lemur species is this orange-capped fuzzball. His forward-looking red eyes, flat nose and human-like little hands make him a remarkable creature to behold for the first time.
       
     
  My Rainforest   A bamboo lemur gazes fondly over her home.
       
     
  Livelihood   Gestation lasts 135 to 150 days and ends between September and January, when the female bears one to two young. These are weaned after about four months (if the food supply is ample) and are fully mature at two years of age. Their life expectancy is up to 12 years.
       
     
  Super Powers   They are called bamboo lemurs because they almost exclusively eat bamboo. How bamboo lemurs can detoxify the high amounts of cyanide (from bamboo shoots) in their diets is unknown.
       
     
  Chin Up   Lemurs live in family groups and take it in turns to guard their territories up in the forest canopy.
       
     
  Pretty Face   A female Eastern Lesser Bamboo Lemur enjoys some of the dappled afternoon sunlight.
       
     
  Eyes Wide Red   The striking eyes of a bamboo lemur are a fine sight to behold.
       
     
  Swinger   A Black and White ruffed Lemur, in real playboy fashion, dangles from the tree tops in his strikingly fashionable gown and calls out to any females on the ground below.
       
     
  Look Front   There just might be a rival!
       
     
  Look Up   Has your partner had enough and left the branch?
       
     
  Look Down   Any sign of food, glorious food?
       
     
  Figs for Tea   A fig in need is a fig indeed.
       
     
  Steady On   A calculated grab is what is required here.
       
     
  Within Reach   Come to Mama…
       
     
  Target Sighted   A Ruffed Lemur has spotted a suitable female below. A display of acrobatics, bravado and exotic fruit offerings is sure to follow.
       
     
  Quick Mover   Studies recording ruffed lemurs in captivity and in the wild over the course of a year show that ruffed lemurs on an average spend around 28% of their time feeding, 53% resting, and the last 19% socializing and moving about.
       
     
  Catch Me If You Can   No other animal feels as thoroughly at home in the trees as a lemur. Those hands are so human like.
       
     
  Evening Hang   A surprisingly sturdy branch for such a hefty looking lemur.
       
     
  Peeking Through   A shy Eastern Bamboo Lemur peek at her distant relatives as they take photographs of her using smartphones and cameras.
       
     
  Vacant Stare   Light filters onto this lemur’s face from the tropical sky above.
       
     
  Lady Lemur   A female watches the other members of her troop reflectively. Lemurs tend to be very social animals and, like monkeys and primates, serve specific roles in their community.
       
     
  Sound of a Predator   Lemurs are preyed upon by snakes, fossas and large birds of prey. The Madagascar Sea Eagle will take prey as large as this red fronted lemur.
       
     
  Mrs. Brown   True lemurs, also known as brown lemurs, are the lemurs in genus Eulemur. They are medium-sized primates that live exclusively on Madagascar.
       
     
  Fine Coat   The fur of the true lemurs is long and usually reddish brown. Often there is sexual dimorphism in coloration (sexual dichromatism), such as in the black lemur. True lemurs are from 30 to 50 cm (12 to 20 in) in length, with a tail that is as long or significantly longer than the body. They weigh from 2 to 4 kg.
       
     
  Red Fronted Brown Lemur   The red-fronted lemur (Eulemur rufifrons), also known as the red-fronted brown lemur or southern red-fronted brown lemur, is a species of lemur from Madagascar.
       
     
  Lemur Geography   There is considerable geographic variation in the natural history of this species. Western populations tend to have smaller home ranges and higher population densities than eastern populations, although group size tends to be fairly consistent (generally 4-18 animals averaging of 8-9).
       
     
  Lovely Looks   A Lemur’s amber eyes complement her rufus coat.
       
     
  Brown Lemur Diet   Diet is diverse, encompassing leaves, seeds, fruit, nectar and flowers, but more so in eastern populations. Western populations tend to rely more on leaves for their diet. Western populations are primarily diurnal, but increase nocturnal activity during the dry season, while eastern populations show less such dichotomy.
       
     
 Forbidden Fruit  Well.. fruit is fruit. Chomp!
       
     
  Did You Hear That?   A lemur thought he heard the hiss of a hognose snake.
       
     
  Apple Time   Nothing quite like a juicy red apple to start the day.
       
     
  Evening Platter   As the day draws to an end, one final apple finds its way into a brown lemur’s belly.
       
     
  Range of the Brown Lemurs   The red-fronted lemur lives on the western coast of Madagascar between the Tsiribihina River to the north and south of the Fiheranana River and in eastern Madagascar from the Mangoro River and Onive River to the Andringitra Massif. It lives in dry lowland forests.
       
     
  Happy Gazer   A Red-Fronted Brown Lemur gazes down at her family below.
       
     
  Perfectly Perched   A Red-Fronted Brown Lemur perches herself between two hardwood trees.
       
     
  Long Way Down   This lemur might be having second thoughts about her adventurous climb.
       
     
  Unique Habitats   The highly seasonal dry deciduous forest of Madagascar alternates between dry and wet seasons, making it uniquely suitable for lemurs. This is due to high tree species diversity which are essential for survival and might be 'diluted' of its resources which are of no use for lemurs, thus increasing energetic expenses for traveling between suitable patches.
       
     
  Common Traits   Some of the lemur traits include low basal metabolic rate, highly seasonal breeders, adaptations to unpredictable climate and female dominance. Female dominance amongst lemurs is when the females are sexually monomorphic and have priority access to food.
       
     
  Group Society   Lemurs live in groups of 11 to 17 animals, where females tend to stay within their natal groups and the males migrate. Male lemurs are competitive to win their mates which causes instability among the other organisms. Lemurs are able to mark their territory by using scents from local areas.
       
     
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  Hanging On   The rainforests and deciduous scrub that make up a lemur’s natural habitat are under siege from deforestation brought about by the logging industry and oil exploration. Their survival may be as temporary as this lemur’s clutch on a strangler fig branch.
       
     
  Dazzled   The Red-Fronted Brown Lemur has an almost penetrative gaze.
       
     
  Variety Galore   Due to Madagascar's highly seasonal climate, lemur evolution has produced a level of species diversity rivaling that of any other primate group. Until shortly after humans arrived on the island around 2,000 years ago, there were lemurs as large as a male gorilla. Today, there are nearly 100 species of lemurs, and most of those species have been discovered or promoted to full species status since the 1990s; however, lemur taxonomic classification is controversial and depends on which species concept is used.
       
     
  Lemur Niches   Many lemur adaptations are in response to Madagascar's highly seasonal environment. Lemurs have relatively low basal metabolic rates and may exhibit seasonal breeding, dormancy (such as hibernation or torpor), or female social dominance. Most eat a wide variety of fruits and leaves, while some are specialists. Although many share similar diets, different species of lemur share the same forests by differentiating niches.
       
     
  History of Study   Lemur research during the 18th and 19th centuries focused on taxonomy and specimen collection. Although field observations trickled in from early explorers, modern studies of lemur ecology and behavior did not begin in earnest until the 1950s and 1960s. Initially hindered by political instability and turmoil on Madagascar during the mid-1970s, field studies resumed in the 1980s and have greatly increased the understanding of these primates.
       
     
  Personalities Galore   Lemurs in larger social groups perform better on social cognition tests, according to a 2013 study, which found that group size predicts their scores more than brain size. Other research has shown distinct personalities in mouse lemurs, which vary from shy to bold to "mean as sin."
       
     
  First Descriptions   Carl Linnaeus, the founder of modern binomial nomenclature, gave lemurs their name as early as 1758, when he used it in the 10th edition of Systema Naturae.
       
     
  Meet all Lemurs    Lemurs are a class of strepsirrhine primates endemic to the island of Madagascar. The word lemur derives from the word lemures (ghosts or spirits) from Roman mythology and was first used to describe a slender loris due to its nocturnal habits and slow pace, but was later applied to the primates on Madagascar.
       
     
  Sniffing Through   To communicate with smell, which is useful at night, lemurs will scent mark with urine as well as scent glands located on the wrists, inside elbow, genital regions, or the neck. The scrotal skin of most male lemurs has scent glands.
       
     
  Whats in the Air   Olfaction is particularly important to lemurs. It can communicate information about age, sex, reproductive status, as well as demarcate the boundaries of a territory. It is most useful for communication between animals that rarely encounter each other.
       
     
  Uncertain Paths   Lemurs are threatened by a host of environmental problems, including deforestation, hunting for bushmeat, live capture for the exotic pet trade, and climate change. All species are listed by CITES on Appendix I, which prohibits trade of specimens or parts, except for scientific purposes.
       
     
  Lady Power   Female dominance over males is rare among mammals, including primates. But it's the norm for lemurs, researchers noted in a 2008 study, "occurring in all lemur families regardless of mating system." And that dynamic is often comically apparent, as Duke University biologist Robin Ann Smith wrote in 2015.
       
     
  Rights means Rights   "It's not uncommon for lady lemurs to bite their mates, snatch a piece of fruit from their hands, whack them in the head or shove them out of prime sleeping spots," she wrote. "Females mark their territories with distinctive scents just as often as males do. Males often don't take their share of a meal until the females have had their fill."
       
     
  Clever Girl   While it's been known for years that primates can learn new skills faster by studying their peers, a 2018 study reveals that lemurs actually do it backward. The more a lemur performs a new skill, the more popular the lemur becomes.
       
     
  Getting Close   We observed great intimacy between lemurs. Affiliative behavior is how primates show affection toward each other, such as grooming, touching and sitting close.
       
     
  What’s in a Name?   "Lemur" was coined in 1795 by Carl Linnaeus, the founder of modern taxonomy, who took it from Latin. Lemures were "evil spirits of the dead" in Roman mythology, according to the Online Etymology Dictionary, and while the origin is hazy before that, it might date back to an ancient, non-Indo-European word for malevolent spirits.
       
     
  Eerie Surroundings   Lemurs have eerily humanoid bodies, move around with ghostly grace and tend to be active at night. Still, the "evil" part is a little unfair. Linnaeus may not have meant it literally, but certain lemurs — namely the endangered aye-aye — are still haunted by people who do.
       
     
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  Reflections in Ranomafana River   t least 106 lemur species are known to science, and nearly all of them face a realistic risk of extinction by midcentury. As IUCN lemur expert Jonah Ratsimbazafy told the BBC in 2015, their environment is crumbling all around them. "Just as fish cannot survive without water, lemurs cannot survive without forest," said Ratsimbazafy, noting less than 10 percent of Madagascar's original forest remains.
       
     
  A Great Family   Lemurs don't just come in lots of shapes, sizes and colors; they range from adorable to eerie, curious to cantankerous and stubborn to resourceful. Despite having grown apart for 60 million years, one look at a lemur can remind us how much we still have in common — and how lucky we are to still have such a big, weird family.
       
     
  Endangered   Lemurs' problems largely boil down to human poverty. More than 90 percent of people in Madagascar live on less than $2 a day, and at least 33 percent suffer from malnutrition. This drives many to squeeze income from the island's already-stretched natural resources, often with a type of slash-and-burn farming known as tavi, which torches forest to make room for crops, or by hunting lemurs for food.
       
     
  Fruit Connoisseur   Ruffed lemurs come in two species: red or black and white, both of which inhabit tropical rain forests in Madagascar and are connoisseurs of its native fruit.
       
     
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  Keystone Species   Due to their close relationships with native trees — including hardwoods prized by logging interests — ruffed lemurs are seen by scientists as key indicators of forest health.
       
     
  The Great Pollinator   The traveler's palm tree relies primarily on black-and-white ruffed lemurs to pollinate its flowers. Both ruffed species get pollen all over their noses as they eat fruit and nectar, and thus spread pollen to other plants as they forage.
       
     
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  Strange Beginnings   The story of the lemurs begins over 70 million years ago, when lemur-like animals, the planet’s first primates, roamed Africa along with the dinosaurs.
       
     
  Chilling Prosimians   Lemurs belong to a group called prosimian primates, defined as all primates that are neither monkeys nor apes. Though there are many species of lemur, there are very few individuals. Lemurs are considered the most endangered group of animals on the planet. These primates are only found in one small area of the Earth. Many species have small and decreasing numbers.
       
     
  Spotted   There are a whopping 105 species of lemur, and they naturally come in a wide range of sizes. These red-fronted brown lemurs have just spotted another primate species taking their photograph.
       
     
  Habitat Specialists   Lemurs only live in one place in the world, Madagascar and the nearby Comoros Islands, which are off the coast of Mozambique in Africa. They occupy many different habitats: dry deciduous forests, spiny forests, rain forests, wetlands and mountains.
       
     
  Lemur Games   A bit of ‘‘I see your bald patch’’ is in order.
       
     
  Hand Taste   When lemurs are awake and active depends on their size. Small lemurs are typically nocturnal, which means they are active at night. Larger lemurs, such as this Ruffed lemur are considered diurnal, which means they are active during the day.
       
     
  Balanced Diet   Some lemurs are herbivores, which means they do not eat meat. They love fruit, but will also eat flowers, leaves, tree bark and sap. Other lemurs are omnivores and eat a variety of foods that include fruits, nectar, flowers and leaves with a side of insects, spiders and small vertebrates, according to the World Animal Foundation.
       
     
  Nervy Future   According to the World Animal Foundation, 16 percent of all lemurs are classified as critically endangered, 23 percent are classified as endangered, 25 percent are classified as vulnerable, 28 percent are "data deficient" and 8 percent are classified as least concern.
       
     
  Inquisitive Chappie   The look says it all. Lemurs are hopelessly curious.
       
     
  Enchanted Forests   At one with the forest, this lemur stands out against a flurry of foliage.
       
     
  Social Beings   Lemurs are very social creatures and live in groups called troops. The ring-tail lemur’s troop is led by a dominant female and can include six to 30 animals.
       
     
  Call of The Wild   A Ruffed lemur starts his tree top voyage.
       
     
  The Sound of a Rival   The unmistakable chorus of a rival troop alerts this ruffed lemur.
       
     
  Taking the Plunge   A lemur braces himself for a leap across branches.
       
     
  Check Below   There just might be a juicy fig on a tempting lower branch.
       
     
  Good Hands   Bamboo lemurs appear to have greater manual dexterity and superior hand-eye coordination than other lemurs.
       
     
  Picky Diet   Only in the winter, when shoots are scarce, will the bamboo lemur eat a significant amount of mature bamboo leaves. At certain times of the year, bamboo accounts for 90% of their diet. At other times of the year berries, grass stems and other young leaves supplement this lemur’s diet.
       
     
  Dexterity Defined   While foraging through a thick stand of bamboo, searching for these tender bits, the bamboo lemur simply doesn’t have time for the typical lemur food searching strategy which is to sniff each and every potential bite. Instead, the bamboo lemur will stand in one spot, and visually scan the nearby foliage for that special shoot.
       
     
  Upright in Life   Bamboo Lemurs prefer to maintain an upright position when traveling through the trees, and will do so by quickly jumping from one vertical bamboo stalk to another as they make their way through the forest.
       
     
  Social Bamboolians   In the wild, the gray gentle lemur lives in groups ranging from three to six, and which in some instances might contain more than one female of breeding age.
       
     
  All in a Day’s Scent    Scent marking is an important method of communication for bamboo lemurs. Surprisingly, the male bamboo lemur is equipped with a set of scent glands exactly like those found on male ring-tailed lemurs, but not found on any other type of lemur.
       
     
  Gentle Grays   In the wild, the gray gentle lemur lives in groups ranging from three to six, and which in some instances might contain more than one female of breeding age.
       
     
  Range    Home range size ranges from 8 ha to 15 ha depending on the quality of the habitat. As is true of most lemur species, females are dominant over males, and in the wild as well as in captivity they will invest some energy in chasing the males away from choice feeding sites.
       
     
  Call of Duty   A Bamboo Lemur heralds the presence of a good bamboo meal.
       
     
  Dinner Time   Finally, the bamboo shoots are ready.
       
     
  Chomp   A healthy shoot of bamboo goes down a sweet-toothed mouth.
       
     
  Chew   The bamboo shoot requires heavy duty mastication.
       
     
  Slurp   Swallowing leaves spaghetti-style is always an option.
       
     
  Burp   A heavy meal comes with a price.
       
     
  Cappuccino, Espresso?   Once lunch is over, a rest and a grooming session are in order.
       
     
  The Black and White Ruffed Lemur   One of the most confident lemurs we came across was the Black and White Ruffed. Those beautiful amber eyes were irresistible.
       
     

The Black and White Ruffed Lemur

One of the most confident lemurs we came across was the Black and White Ruffed. Those beautiful amber eyes were irresistible.

  The King of Lemurs   His costume is fancy, complete with a white collar of Elizabethan extravagance. Black and white ruffed lemurs have loud calls and exceptional agility.
       
     

The King of Lemurs

His costume is fancy, complete with a white collar of Elizabethan extravagance. Black and white ruffed lemurs have loud calls and exceptional agility.

  Lucile   Warm jumpers and weather-proof jackets are important for life on the bare hills of central Madagascar.
       
     

Lucile

Warm jumpers and weather-proof jackets are important for life on the bare hills of central Madagascar.

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  Madagascar Mongoose   A sharp-witted hunter, the mongoose is daring and ingenious in his hunt for a good meal.
       
     

Madagascar Mongoose

A sharp-witted hunter, the mongoose is daring and ingenious in his hunt for a good meal.

  Indri   The loudest and most iconic call to echo through the foothills of Madagascar’s rainforests belongs to the Indri. Calls can be heard from hundreds of kilometers away in almost ghostly notes.
       
     

Indri

The loudest and most iconic call to echo through the foothills of Madagascar’s rainforests belongs to the Indri. Calls can be heard from hundreds of kilometers away in almost ghostly notes.

  Notebook: The Golden Sifaka   Golden Sifakas were often the most boisterous species we came across. Strictly arboreal, they are at their happiest high in the canopies.
       
     

Notebook: The Golden Sifaka

Golden Sifakas were often the most boisterous species we came across. Strictly arboreal, they are at their happiest high in the canopies.

  Moving Out   The diademed sifaka (Propithecus diadema), or diademed simpona, is an endangered species of sifaka, one of the lemurs endemic to certain rainforests in eastern Madagascar.
       
     

Moving Out

The diademed sifaka (Propithecus diadema), or diademed simpona, is an endangered species of sifaka, one of the lemurs endemic to certain rainforests in eastern Madagascar.

  Social Behaviour   The diademed sifaka forms groups typically of two to ten individuals, which may include multiple male and female adults. Each troop defends an exclusive home territory of 25 to 50 hectares (62 to 125 acres) using perimeter scent territorial marking by both the males and females.
       
     

Social Behaviour

The diademed sifaka forms groups typically of two to ten individuals, which may include multiple male and female adults. Each troop defends an exclusive home territory of 25 to 50 hectares (62 to 125 acres) using perimeter scent territorial marking by both the males and females.

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  Balanced Diet   A lemur tucks into a fig whilst keeping a beady eye on his rival close by.
       
     

Balanced Diet

A lemur tucks into a fig whilst keeping a beady eye on his rival close by.

  Varied Diet   To accomplish this it consumes a diet high in energy content and diverse in plant content, each day consuming over 25 different vegetative species. This diurnal lemur further diversifies its diet by consuming not only fruits, but certain flowers, seeds and verdant leaves, in proportions that vary by season.
       
     

Varied Diet

To accomplish this it consumes a diet high in energy content and diverse in plant content, each day consuming over 25 different vegetative species. This diurnal lemur further diversifies its diet by consuming not only fruits, but certain flowers, seeds and verdant leaves, in proportions that vary by season.

  Lemur Acrobatics   The ease by which lemurs are able to dart from trunk to trunk and zip along the tree canopy is astonishing. Here, a Diademed Sifaka reaches out for a cluster of figs.
       
     

Lemur Acrobatics

The ease by which lemurs are able to dart from trunk to trunk and zip along the tree canopy is astonishing. Here, a Diademed Sifaka reaches out for a cluster of figs.

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  Hanging On   That hand, so human like, with its long fingers for tree climbing and fruit picking, may well remind us that we began our lives in the trees.
       
     

Hanging On

That hand, so human like, with its long fingers for tree climbing and fruit picking, may well remind us that we began our lives in the trees.

  Quick Mover    P. diadema  is thought to traverse the greatest daily path distance relative to other members of its family in its patrolling and foraging, attaining a typical travel distance in excess of 1.6 kilometres (one mile) per day.
       
     

Quick Mover

P. diadema is thought to traverse the greatest daily path distance relative to other members of its family in its patrolling and foraging, attaining a typical travel distance in excess of 1.6 kilometres (one mile) per day.

  A Curious Glance   I often wondered why lemur eyes are so brightly coloured. The very fabric of their make up is so incredibly beautiful.
       
     

A Curious Glance

I often wondered why lemur eyes are so brightly coloured. The very fabric of their make up is so incredibly beautiful.

  Bark in the Jungle   A Red Ruffed Lemur signals to one of his mates that he has found a clearing in the rainforest of his own.
       
     

Bark in the Jungle

A Red Ruffed Lemur signals to one of his mates that he has found a clearing in the rainforest of his own.

  Irresistible Eyes   Bright orbs peer through the foliage of a fig tree in Andasibe rainforest.
       
     

Irresistible Eyes

Bright orbs peer through the foliage of a fig tree in Andasibe rainforest.

  Notebook: Lemur Lunches   Lemurs appear to enjoy an omnivorous diet with a mix of fruit, nuts and insects. A fig here and there would never go amiss.
       
     

Notebook: Lemur Lunches

Lemurs appear to enjoy an omnivorous diet with a mix of fruit, nuts and insects. A fig here and there would never go amiss.

  Lemur Lips   The diademed sifaka makes a warning call resembling the sound "kiss-sneeze" when a terrestrial predator is perceived. The sole terrestrial predators of P. diadema are the fossa and Nile crocodile.
       
     

Lemur Lips

The diademed sifaka makes a warning call resembling the sound "kiss-sneeze" when a terrestrial predator is perceived. The sole terrestrial predators of P. diadema are the fossa and Nile crocodile.

  Elizabethan Get Up   The white collar stands out in full glory in this Ruffed lemur, one of the larger species found on the island.
       
     

Elizabethan Get Up

The white collar stands out in full glory in this Ruffed lemur, one of the larger species found on the island.

  Curious Stare   Lemurs are naturally inquisitive and would peer down at us from the tree tops as we made our way along the forest path.
       
     

Curious Stare

Lemurs are naturally inquisitive and would peer down at us from the tree tops as we made our way along the forest path.

  Endangered Beings   The black-and-white ruffed lemur (Varecia variegata) is an endangered species of ruffed lemur, one of two which are endemic to the island of Madagascar. Despite having a larger range than the red ruffed lemur, it has a much smaller population that is spread out, living in lower population densities and reproductively isolated.
       
     

Endangered Beings

The black-and-white ruffed lemur (Varecia variegata) is an endangered species of ruffed lemur, one of two which are endemic to the island of Madagascar. Despite having a larger range than the red ruffed lemur, it has a much smaller population that is spread out, living in lower population densities and reproductively isolated.

  Ruffed Lemur   Keen senses are essential for life in the rainforest. Lemur groups are highly territorial and will challenge each other for their own patch of space in the lush undergrowth.
       
     

Ruffed Lemur

Keen senses are essential for life in the rainforest. Lemur groups are highly territorial and will challenge each other for their own patch of space in the lush undergrowth.

  White Bib and Orange Eyes   There is a wide variety of lemurs in Madagascar, from the tiny nocturnal mouse lemurs to the grander species, such as the Black and White Ruffed. His bright orange eyes were startling to behold.
       
     

White Bib and Orange Eyes

There is a wide variety of lemurs in Madagascar, from the tiny nocturnal mouse lemurs to the grander species, such as the Black and White Ruffed. His bright orange eyes were startling to behold.

  Specialist Fruiters   Wild black-and-white ruffed lemurs have a highly frugiviorous diet, with fruit making up 92% of their overall diet. Smaller percentages of leaves, nectar, seeds, and even fungi make up the remainder. Their diet is also influenced by the seasons, with certain plant parts and fruits only ripening or becoming available during certain times of the year. Water consumption also varies throughout the year and can be influenced by diet.
       
     

Specialist Fruiters

Wild black-and-white ruffed lemurs have a highly frugiviorous diet, with fruit making up 92% of their overall diet. Smaller percentages of leaves, nectar, seeds, and even fungi make up the remainder. Their diet is also influenced by the seasons, with certain plant parts and fruits only ripening or becoming available during certain times of the year. Water consumption also varies throughout the year and can be influenced by diet.

  Lemur Profile   There is nothing quite like a lemur. They are so peculiar and fascinating in their own right. Their profiles are truly different to those of monkeys, primates and ourselves.
       
     

Lemur Profile

There is nothing quite like a lemur. They are so peculiar and fascinating in their own right. Their profiles are truly different to those of monkeys, primates and ourselves.

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  Female Dominance   Black-and-white ruffed lemurs demonstrate the rare behavior of female social dominance both within and outside the context of feedings. This is also found in other ruffed lemurs as well as in ring-tailed lemurs. Aggressive interactions between males and females are usually won by the female even when they do not show aggressive behavior towards the male.
       
     

Female Dominance

Black-and-white ruffed lemurs demonstrate the rare behavior of female social dominance both within and outside the context of feedings. This is also found in other ruffed lemurs as well as in ring-tailed lemurs. Aggressive interactions between males and females are usually won by the female even when they do not show aggressive behavior towards the male.

  Gentle Soul   A Ruffed Lemur gazes at a plate of fruit offered up by one of the park rangers. They serenity and intelligence of his gaze was endearing.
       
     

Gentle Soul

A Ruffed Lemur gazes at a plate of fruit offered up by one of the park rangers. They serenity and intelligence of his gaze was endearing.

  Tastes Familiar   Lemurs pick up the scent of a relative or rival by tasting residues of their urine left on tree barks.
       
     

Tastes Familiar

Lemurs pick up the scent of a relative or rival by tasting residues of their urine left on tree barks.

  On the Move   Lemurs are strictly arboreal, spending the great majority of their lives up in the trees. They feel most at home jumping from branch to branch or lazing in the canopies.
       
     

On the Move

Lemurs are strictly arboreal, spending the great majority of their lives up in the trees. They feel most at home jumping from branch to branch or lazing in the canopies.

  Seasonal Behaviours   Unlike other species of lemurs, black-and-white ruffed lemur females occasionally show submission and more aggression needs to be maintained in order for the female to win the interaction instead of having an undecided interaction. Male aggression does not vary among seasons.
       
     

Seasonal Behaviours

Unlike other species of lemurs, black-and-white ruffed lemur females occasionally show submission and more aggression needs to be maintained in order for the female to win the interaction instead of having an undecided interaction. Male aggression does not vary among seasons.

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  Are You Serious?   This lemur gave his younger cousin a disparaging look.
       
     

Are You Serious?

This lemur gave his younger cousin a disparaging look.

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  Sounding Alarms   The black-and-white ruffed lemur demonstrates several different call types each of which last several seconds. Most lemurs of a group participate in any one chorus. These lemurs are particularly known for their loud roar/shriek choruses which have several purposes including group movement, spacing among different groups, and alarming other members of the group of predators. 
       
     

Sounding Alarms

The black-and-white ruffed lemur demonstrates several different call types each of which last several seconds. Most lemurs of a group participate in any one chorus. These lemurs are particularly known for their loud roar/shriek choruses which have several purposes including group movement, spacing among different groups, and alarming other members of the group of predators. 

  A Lemur’s Call   Unlike the calls of other species, the calls of the black-and-white ruffed lemur are not likely to be for the establishment of territory for a group. The calling behavior is participated in throughout the course of a day, not concentrated at any one point of the day; however calls are usually not heard at night.
       
     

A Lemur’s Call

Unlike the calls of other species, the calls of the black-and-white ruffed lemur are not likely to be for the establishment of territory for a group. The calling behavior is participated in throughout the course of a day, not concentrated at any one point of the day; however calls are usually not heard at night.

  A Home in Trouble   Who knows what goes on in that lemur brain of his and whether he contemplates the full gravity of the deforestation and destruction of his homeland. We have much to learn from Lemurs.
       
     

A Home in Trouble

Who knows what goes on in that lemur brain of his and whether he contemplates the full gravity of the deforestation and destruction of his homeland. We have much to learn from Lemurs.

  Hunted   While predators may be a large threat to the black and white ruffed lemur, the principal threat to their survival comes from the human inhabitants of the island. Since they are comparatively large to other species of lemurs they are hunted as bushmeat by poachers and village men who are looking to feed their families.
       
     

Hunted

While predators may be a large threat to the black and white ruffed lemur, the principal threat to their survival comes from the human inhabitants of the island. Since they are comparatively large to other species of lemurs they are hunted as bushmeat by poachers and village men who are looking to feed their families.

  Future Sights   The prospect of further habitat loss is a dim one for this Black and White Ruffed Lemur.
       
     

Future Sights

The prospect of further habitat loss is a dim one for this Black and White Ruffed Lemur.

  Re-Introduction   Black-and-white ruffed lemurs were part of a reintroduction program from 1997 to 2001, organized by the Madagascar Fauna Group and the Duke University Primate Center (now Duke Lemur Center). A total of 13 individuals that were born in human care in the United States were released at the Betampona Reserve, which is in their native range in the rainforests of eastern Madagascar.
       
     

Re-Introduction

Black-and-white ruffed lemurs were part of a reintroduction program from 1997 to 2001, organized by the Madagascar Fauna Group and the Duke University Primate Center (now Duke Lemur Center). A total of 13 individuals that were born in human care in the United States were released at the Betampona Reserve, which is in their native range in the rainforests of eastern Madagascar.

  Canines    Red-Fronted Brown Lemurs have a very particular dentition. A keen gaze helps them find food and members of their group in the undergrowth.
       
     

Canines

Red-Fronted Brown Lemurs have a very particular dentition. A keen gaze helps them find food and members of their group in the undergrowth.

  Lavish Coat   The Red-Fronted Brown Lemur is a highly active and boisterous species with a rich brown coat and dazzling eyes.
       
     

Lavish Coat

The Red-Fronted Brown Lemur is a highly active and boisterous species with a rich brown coat and dazzling eyes.

  Bewilderment   A lemur’s eyes appear to be wide open in excitement. Perhaps a juicy fig or delicious bug is within sight.
       
     

Bewilderment

A lemur’s eyes appear to be wide open in excitement. Perhaps a juicy fig or delicious bug is within sight.

  Yawn Wide, Climb High   A Red-Fronted Brown Lemur kicks back on an overcast and humid afternoon in Andasibe.
       
     

Yawn Wide, Climb High

A Red-Fronted Brown Lemur kicks back on an overcast and humid afternoon in Andasibe.

  Melon-Melon   A Lemur tucks into one of his favorite snacks in the sanctity of a lush rainforest.
       
     

Melon-Melon

A Lemur tucks into one of his favorite snacks in the sanctity of a lush rainforest.

 One of a Kind  The red-fronted lemur (Eulemur rufifrons), also known as the red-fronted brown lemur or southern red-fronted brown lemur, is a species of lemur from Madagascar.
       
     

One of a Kind

The red-fronted lemur (Eulemur rufifrons), also known as the red-fronted brown lemur or southern red-fronted brown lemur, is a species of lemur from Madagascar.

  Vociferous    The Red-Fronted Brown Lemurs certainly have no lack of confidence. They are daring, quick-witted and spirited things that zip across forest canopies and snatch food out of the hands of quieter lemur species.
       
     

Vociferous

The Red-Fronted Brown Lemurs certainly have no lack of confidence. They are daring, quick-witted and spirited things that zip across forest canopies and snatch food out of the hands of quieter lemur species.

  Evening Hang Out   A Black and White Ruffed Lemur dangles from the forest canopy on a beautiful evening in Andasibe, Madagascar.
       
     

Evening Hang Out

A Black and White Ruffed Lemur dangles from the forest canopy on a beautiful evening in Andasibe, Madagascar.

  Lemurbatics 1   This Black and White Ruffed was as daring as he was flexible.
       
     

Lemurbatics 1

This Black and White Ruffed was as daring as he was flexible.

  Lemurbatics 2   One last sniff of the hand to ensure that he is within his family’s territory and a day’s work is done for this lemur.
       
     

Lemurbatics 2

One last sniff of the hand to ensure that he is within his family’s territory and a day’s work is done for this lemur.

  The Eastern Bamboo Lemur   A most royally-named member of the Lemuridae family, this wonderful character has a taste for bamboo shoots. The eastern lesser bamboo lemur (Hapalemur griseus), also known as the gray bamboo lemur, the gray gentle lemur, and the Mahajanga lemur is a small lemur endemic to Madagascar, with three known subspecies.
       
     

The Eastern Bamboo Lemur

A most royally-named member of the Lemuridae family, this wonderful character has a taste for bamboo shoots. The eastern lesser bamboo lemur (Hapalemur griseus), also known as the gray bamboo lemur, the gray gentle lemur, and the Mahajanga lemur is a small lemur endemic to Madagascar, with three known subspecies.

  Bamboo Baby   As its name suggests, the eastern lesser bamboo lemur feeds mainly on bamboo. The lemurs of the genus Hapalemur have more manual dexterity and hand–eye coordination than most lemurs.[4] They are vertical climbers and jump from stalk to stalk in thick bamboo forests.
       
     

Bamboo Baby

As its name suggests, the eastern lesser bamboo lemur feeds mainly on bamboo. The lemurs of the genus Hapalemur have more manual dexterity and hand–eye coordination than most lemurs.[4] They are vertical climbers and jump from stalk to stalk in thick bamboo forests.

  Up Above   Eyes and nose darting this way and that, the chattering bamboo lemurs are much smaller than most of their counterparts but are just as spirited as any of them.
       
     

Up Above

Eyes and nose darting this way and that, the chattering bamboo lemurs are much smaller than most of their counterparts but are just as spirited as any of them.

  Tree Hugger   The male Bamboo Lemur sports a dazzling orange toupee to attract mates within his lush, forested world.
       
     

Tree Hugger

The male Bamboo Lemur sports a dazzling orange toupee to attract mates within his lush, forested world.

  Sight of a Fig   Bamboo lemurs have their favorite dishes. This one has spotted a bunch of small figs hanging from a strangler vine.
       
     

Sight of a Fig

Bamboo lemurs have their favorite dishes. This one has spotted a bunch of small figs hanging from a strangler vine.

  Tomaye and Arufa   A young park ranger cradles an orphaned red-fronted brown lemur on his shoulder as he meets visitors to Andasibe Biosphere reserve.
       
     

Tomaye and Arufa

A young park ranger cradles an orphaned red-fronted brown lemur on his shoulder as he meets visitors to Andasibe Biosphere reserve.

  Bitter Sweet   Lemurs enjoy a diet mix of insects and fruit.
       
     

Bitter Sweet

Lemurs enjoy a diet mix of insects and fruit.

  Erm.. OK   This lemur looks awfully perturbed by something!
       
     

Erm.. OK

This lemur looks awfully perturbed by something!

  Bamboo Legacy   The eastern lesser bamboo lemur (Hapalemur griseus griseus), also known as the gray bamboo lemur, eastern gray bamboo lemur, or gray gentle lemur, was the original species described in 1795 by Johann Heinrich Friedrich Link. It is grey in colour, sometimes with a red patch on its head.
       
     

Bamboo Legacy

The eastern lesser bamboo lemur (Hapalemur griseus griseus), also known as the gray bamboo lemur, eastern gray bamboo lemur, or gray gentle lemur, was the original species described in 1795 by Johann Heinrich Friedrich Link. It is grey in colour, sometimes with a red patch on its head.

  Delicate Flick   A bamboo lemur licks his lips after feasting on sweet figs.
       
     

Delicate Flick

A bamboo lemur licks his lips after feasting on sweet figs.

  Lemur Profile   The fuzzy brow of a bamboo lemur stands out against the green backdrop of his rainforest home.
       
     

Lemur Profile

The fuzzy brow of a bamboo lemur stands out against the green backdrop of his rainforest home.

  Notebook: Lemur Coinage   The perfectly round profile of a Golden Bamboo Lemur would make the perfect coin for a the Malagasy Mint.
       
     

Notebook: Lemur Coinage

The perfectly round profile of a Golden Bamboo Lemur would make the perfect coin for a the Malagasy Mint.

  Gentle Profile   Bamboo lemurs were first described by French zoologist Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire in 1851. Comparing their small size, proportions, speckled fur, and other traits to those of marmosets—then classified in the genus Hapale—he named the genus Hapalemur. Hapale derives from the Greek word απαλός (hapalos), meaning "gentle".
       
     

Gentle Profile

Bamboo lemurs were first described by French zoologist Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire in 1851. Comparing their small size, proportions, speckled fur, and other traits to those of marmosets—then classified in the genus Hapale—he named the genus Hapalemur. Hapale derives from the Greek word απαλός (hapalos), meaning "gentle".

  Hopeful   A lemur stands up to the dangers that threaten his natural home, a rainforest fringing the eastern shores of Madagascar. Logging and deforestation are a constant threat to this animal’s future.
       
     

Hopeful

A lemur stands up to the dangers that threaten his natural home, a rainforest fringing the eastern shores of Madagascar. Logging and deforestation are a constant threat to this animal’s future.

  Whiskers, Whiskers Everywhere   Lemurs are perfectly adapted for life in the undergrowth. Whiskers, a keen sense of sight and smell, and impeccable hearing allow them to find their food and one another.
       
     

Whiskers, Whiskers Everywhere

Lemurs are perfectly adapted for life in the undergrowth. Whiskers, a keen sense of sight and smell, and impeccable hearing allow them to find their food and one another.

  Characteristics   The bamboo lemurs are characterized by a grey-brown fur, which varies by species. Their muzzles are short and their ears are round and hairy. Lengths vary from 26 to 46 cm, with tails just as long or longer, and they weigh up to 2.5 kg.
       
     

Characteristics

The bamboo lemurs are characterized by a grey-brown fur, which varies by species. Their muzzles are short and their ears are round and hairy. Lengths vary from 26 to 46 cm, with tails just as long or longer, and they weigh up to 2.5 kg.

  Lemuring Away   A Golden Bamboo Lemur licks his fingers clean after dealing with a bunch of sticky figs.
       
     

Lemuring Away

A Golden Bamboo Lemur licks his fingers clean after dealing with a bunch of sticky figs.

  Table Manners   Licking of fingers is only natural when one wants to savor the very sweetest parts of a juicy mango.
       
     

Table Manners

Licking of fingers is only natural when one wants to savor the very sweetest parts of a juicy mango.

IMGP6827.jpg
       
     
 Tree-Heads  Bamboo lemurs prefer damp forests where bamboo grows. Although they can be active any time of the day, they are often active just after dawn. Though primarily arboreal, they sometimes come down to the ground. The Lac Alaotra gentle lemur or bandro (Hapalemur alaotrensis), which lives in the reed beds of Lac Alaotra, spends much of its time in water and can swim well, unlike other lemur species, which only venture to water to drink.
       
     

Tree-Heads

Bamboo lemurs prefer damp forests where bamboo grows. Although they can be active any time of the day, they are often active just after dawn. Though primarily arboreal, they sometimes come down to the ground. The Lac Alaotra gentle lemur or bandro (Hapalemur alaotrensis), which lives in the reed beds of Lac Alaotra, spends much of its time in water and can swim well, unlike other lemur species, which only venture to water to drink.

  Reaching Down   The red-fronted brown lemur is a skilled acrobat.
       
     

Reaching Down

The red-fronted brown lemur is a skilled acrobat.

  Wondrous Bamboo Lemurs   One of the rarest lemur species is this orange-capped fuzzball. His forward-looking red eyes, flat nose and human-like little hands make him a remarkable creature to behold for the first time.
       
     

Wondrous Bamboo Lemurs

One of the rarest lemur species is this orange-capped fuzzball. His forward-looking red eyes, flat nose and human-like little hands make him a remarkable creature to behold for the first time.

  My Rainforest   A bamboo lemur gazes fondly over her home.
       
     

My Rainforest

A bamboo lemur gazes fondly over her home.

  Livelihood   Gestation lasts 135 to 150 days and ends between September and January, when the female bears one to two young. These are weaned after about four months (if the food supply is ample) and are fully mature at two years of age. Their life expectancy is up to 12 years.
       
     

Livelihood

Gestation lasts 135 to 150 days and ends between September and January, when the female bears one to two young. These are weaned after about four months (if the food supply is ample) and are fully mature at two years of age. Their life expectancy is up to 12 years.

  Super Powers   They are called bamboo lemurs because they almost exclusively eat bamboo. How bamboo lemurs can detoxify the high amounts of cyanide (from bamboo shoots) in their diets is unknown.
       
     

Super Powers

They are called bamboo lemurs because they almost exclusively eat bamboo. How bamboo lemurs can detoxify the high amounts of cyanide (from bamboo shoots) in their diets is unknown.

  Chin Up   Lemurs live in family groups and take it in turns to guard their territories up in the forest canopy.
       
     

Chin Up

Lemurs live in family groups and take it in turns to guard their territories up in the forest canopy.

  Pretty Face   A female Eastern Lesser Bamboo Lemur enjoys some of the dappled afternoon sunlight.
       
     

Pretty Face

A female Eastern Lesser Bamboo Lemur enjoys some of the dappled afternoon sunlight.

  Eyes Wide Red   The striking eyes of a bamboo lemur are a fine sight to behold.
       
     

Eyes Wide Red

The striking eyes of a bamboo lemur are a fine sight to behold.

  Swinger   A Black and White ruffed Lemur, in real playboy fashion, dangles from the tree tops in his strikingly fashionable gown and calls out to any females on the ground below.
       
     

Swinger

A Black and White ruffed Lemur, in real playboy fashion, dangles from the tree tops in his strikingly fashionable gown and calls out to any females on the ground below.

  Look Front   There just might be a rival!
       
     

Look Front

There just might be a rival!

  Look Up   Has your partner had enough and left the branch?
       
     

Look Up

Has your partner had enough and left the branch?

  Look Down   Any sign of food, glorious food?
       
     

Look Down

Any sign of food, glorious food?

  Figs for Tea   A fig in need is a fig indeed.
       
     

Figs for Tea

A fig in need is a fig indeed.

  Steady On   A calculated grab is what is required here.
       
     

Steady On

A calculated grab is what is required here.

  Within Reach   Come to Mama…
       
     

Within Reach

Come to Mama…

  Target Sighted   A Ruffed Lemur has spotted a suitable female below. A display of acrobatics, bravado and exotic fruit offerings is sure to follow.
       
     

Target Sighted

A Ruffed Lemur has spotted a suitable female below. A display of acrobatics, bravado and exotic fruit offerings is sure to follow.

  Quick Mover   Studies recording ruffed lemurs in captivity and in the wild over the course of a year show that ruffed lemurs on an average spend around 28% of their time feeding, 53% resting, and the last 19% socializing and moving about.
       
     

Quick Mover

Studies recording ruffed lemurs in captivity and in the wild over the course of a year show that ruffed lemurs on an average spend around 28% of their time feeding, 53% resting, and the last 19% socializing and moving about.

  Catch Me If You Can   No other animal feels as thoroughly at home in the trees as a lemur. Those hands are so human like.
       
     

Catch Me If You Can

No other animal feels as thoroughly at home in the trees as a lemur. Those hands are so human like.

  Evening Hang   A surprisingly sturdy branch for such a hefty looking lemur.
       
     

Evening Hang

A surprisingly sturdy branch for such a hefty looking lemur.

  Peeking Through   A shy Eastern Bamboo Lemur peek at her distant relatives as they take photographs of her using smartphones and cameras.
       
     

Peeking Through

A shy Eastern Bamboo Lemur peek at her distant relatives as they take photographs of her using smartphones and cameras.

  Vacant Stare   Light filters onto this lemur’s face from the tropical sky above.
       
     

Vacant Stare

Light filters onto this lemur’s face from the tropical sky above.

  Lady Lemur   A female watches the other members of her troop reflectively. Lemurs tend to be very social animals and, like monkeys and primates, serve specific roles in their community.
       
     

Lady Lemur

A female watches the other members of her troop reflectively. Lemurs tend to be very social animals and, like monkeys and primates, serve specific roles in their community.

  Sound of a Predator   Lemurs are preyed upon by snakes, fossas and large birds of prey. The Madagascar Sea Eagle will take prey as large as this red fronted lemur.
       
     

Sound of a Predator

Lemurs are preyed upon by snakes, fossas and large birds of prey. The Madagascar Sea Eagle will take prey as large as this red fronted lemur.

  Mrs. Brown   True lemurs, also known as brown lemurs, are the lemurs in genus Eulemur. They are medium-sized primates that live exclusively on Madagascar.
       
     

Mrs. Brown

True lemurs, also known as brown lemurs, are the lemurs in genus Eulemur. They are medium-sized primates that live exclusively on Madagascar.

  Fine Coat   The fur of the true lemurs is long and usually reddish brown. Often there is sexual dimorphism in coloration (sexual dichromatism), such as in the black lemur. True lemurs are from 30 to 50 cm (12 to 20 in) in length, with a tail that is as long or significantly longer than the body. They weigh from 2 to 4 kg.
       
     

Fine Coat

The fur of the true lemurs is long and usually reddish brown. Often there is sexual dimorphism in coloration (sexual dichromatism), such as in the black lemur. True lemurs are from 30 to 50 cm (12 to 20 in) in length, with a tail that is as long or significantly longer than the body. They weigh from 2 to 4 kg.

  Red Fronted Brown Lemur   The red-fronted lemur (Eulemur rufifrons), also known as the red-fronted brown lemur or southern red-fronted brown lemur, is a species of lemur from Madagascar.
       
     

Red Fronted Brown Lemur

The red-fronted lemur (Eulemur rufifrons), also known as the red-fronted brown lemur or southern red-fronted brown lemur, is a species of lemur from Madagascar.

  Lemur Geography   There is considerable geographic variation in the natural history of this species. Western populations tend to have smaller home ranges and higher population densities than eastern populations, although group size tends to be fairly consistent (generally 4-18 animals averaging of 8-9).
       
     

Lemur Geography

There is considerable geographic variation in the natural history of this species. Western populations tend to have smaller home ranges and higher population densities than eastern populations, although group size tends to be fairly consistent (generally 4-18 animals averaging of 8-9).

  Lovely Looks   A Lemur’s amber eyes complement her rufus coat.
       
     

Lovely Looks

A Lemur’s amber eyes complement her rufus coat.

  Brown Lemur Diet   Diet is diverse, encompassing leaves, seeds, fruit, nectar and flowers, but more so in eastern populations. Western populations tend to rely more on leaves for their diet. Western populations are primarily diurnal, but increase nocturnal activity during the dry season, while eastern populations show less such dichotomy.
       
     

Brown Lemur Diet

Diet is diverse, encompassing leaves, seeds, fruit, nectar and flowers, but more so in eastern populations. Western populations tend to rely more on leaves for their diet. Western populations are primarily diurnal, but increase nocturnal activity during the dry season, while eastern populations show less such dichotomy.

 Forbidden Fruit  Well.. fruit is fruit. Chomp!
       
     

Forbidden Fruit

Well.. fruit is fruit. Chomp!

  Did You Hear That?   A lemur thought he heard the hiss of a hognose snake.
       
     

Did You Hear That?

A lemur thought he heard the hiss of a hognose snake.

  Apple Time   Nothing quite like a juicy red apple to start the day.
       
     

Apple Time

Nothing quite like a juicy red apple to start the day.

  Evening Platter   As the day draws to an end, one final apple finds its way into a brown lemur’s belly.
       
     

Evening Platter

As the day draws to an end, one final apple finds its way into a brown lemur’s belly.

  Range of the Brown Lemurs   The red-fronted lemur lives on the western coast of Madagascar between the Tsiribihina River to the north and south of the Fiheranana River and in eastern Madagascar from the Mangoro River and Onive River to the Andringitra Massif. It lives in dry lowland forests.
       
     

Range of the Brown Lemurs

The red-fronted lemur lives on the western coast of Madagascar between the Tsiribihina River to the north and south of the Fiheranana River and in eastern Madagascar from the Mangoro River and Onive River to the Andringitra Massif. It lives in dry lowland forests.

  Happy Gazer   A Red-Fronted Brown Lemur gazes down at her family below.
       
     

Happy Gazer

A Red-Fronted Brown Lemur gazes down at her family below.

  Perfectly Perched   A Red-Fronted Brown Lemur perches herself between two hardwood trees.
       
     

Perfectly Perched

A Red-Fronted Brown Lemur perches herself between two hardwood trees.

  Long Way Down   This lemur might be having second thoughts about her adventurous climb.
       
     

Long Way Down

This lemur might be having second thoughts about her adventurous climb.

  Unique Habitats   The highly seasonal dry deciduous forest of Madagascar alternates between dry and wet seasons, making it uniquely suitable for lemurs. This is due to high tree species diversity which are essential for survival and might be 'diluted' of its resources which are of no use for lemurs, thus increasing energetic expenses for traveling between suitable patches.
       
     

Unique Habitats

The highly seasonal dry deciduous forest of Madagascar alternates between dry and wet seasons, making it uniquely suitable for lemurs. This is due to high tree species diversity which are essential for survival and might be 'diluted' of its resources which are of no use for lemurs, thus increasing energetic expenses for traveling between suitable patches.

  Common Traits   Some of the lemur traits include low basal metabolic rate, highly seasonal breeders, adaptations to unpredictable climate and female dominance. Female dominance amongst lemurs is when the females are sexually monomorphic and have priority access to food.
       
     

Common Traits

Some of the lemur traits include low basal metabolic rate, highly seasonal breeders, adaptations to unpredictable climate and female dominance. Female dominance amongst lemurs is when the females are sexually monomorphic and have priority access to food.

  Group Society   Lemurs live in groups of 11 to 17 animals, where females tend to stay within their natal groups and the males migrate. Male lemurs are competitive to win their mates which causes instability among the other organisms. Lemurs are able to mark their territory by using scents from local areas.
       
     

Group Society

Lemurs live in groups of 11 to 17 animals, where females tend to stay within their natal groups and the males migrate. Male lemurs are competitive to win their mates which causes instability among the other organisms. Lemurs are able to mark their territory by using scents from local areas.

IMGP7209.jpg
       
     
  Hanging On   The rainforests and deciduous scrub that make up a lemur’s natural habitat are under siege from deforestation brought about by the logging industry and oil exploration. Their survival may be as temporary as this lemur’s clutch on a strangler fig branch.
       
     

Hanging On

The rainforests and deciduous scrub that make up a lemur’s natural habitat are under siege from deforestation brought about by the logging industry and oil exploration. Their survival may be as temporary as this lemur’s clutch on a strangler fig branch.

  Dazzled   The Red-Fronted Brown Lemur has an almost penetrative gaze.
       
     

Dazzled

The Red-Fronted Brown Lemur has an almost penetrative gaze.

  Variety Galore   Due to Madagascar's highly seasonal climate, lemur evolution has produced a level of species diversity rivaling that of any other primate group. Until shortly after humans arrived on the island around 2,000 years ago, there were lemurs as large as a male gorilla. Today, there are nearly 100 species of lemurs, and most of those species have been discovered or promoted to full species status since the 1990s; however, lemur taxonomic classification is controversial and depends on which species concept is used.
       
     

Variety Galore

Due to Madagascar's highly seasonal climate, lemur evolution has produced a level of species diversity rivaling that of any other primate group. Until shortly after humans arrived on the island around 2,000 years ago, there were lemurs as large as a male gorilla. Today, there are nearly 100 species of lemurs, and most of those species have been discovered or promoted to full species status since the 1990s; however, lemur taxonomic classification is controversial and depends on which species concept is used.

  Lemur Niches   Many lemur adaptations are in response to Madagascar's highly seasonal environment. Lemurs have relatively low basal metabolic rates and may exhibit seasonal breeding, dormancy (such as hibernation or torpor), or female social dominance. Most eat a wide variety of fruits and leaves, while some are specialists. Although many share similar diets, different species of lemur share the same forests by differentiating niches.
       
     

Lemur Niches

Many lemur adaptations are in response to Madagascar's highly seasonal environment. Lemurs have relatively low basal metabolic rates and may exhibit seasonal breeding, dormancy (such as hibernation or torpor), or female social dominance. Most eat a wide variety of fruits and leaves, while some are specialists. Although many share similar diets, different species of lemur share the same forests by differentiating niches.

  History of Study   Lemur research during the 18th and 19th centuries focused on taxonomy and specimen collection. Although field observations trickled in from early explorers, modern studies of lemur ecology and behavior did not begin in earnest until the 1950s and 1960s. Initially hindered by political instability and turmoil on Madagascar during the mid-1970s, field studies resumed in the 1980s and have greatly increased the understanding of these primates.
       
     

History of Study

Lemur research during the 18th and 19th centuries focused on taxonomy and specimen collection. Although field observations trickled in from early explorers, modern studies of lemur ecology and behavior did not begin in earnest until the 1950s and 1960s. Initially hindered by political instability and turmoil on Madagascar during the mid-1970s, field studies resumed in the 1980s and have greatly increased the understanding of these primates.

  Personalities Galore   Lemurs in larger social groups perform better on social cognition tests, according to a 2013 study, which found that group size predicts their scores more than brain size. Other research has shown distinct personalities in mouse lemurs, which vary from shy to bold to "mean as sin."
       
     

Personalities Galore

Lemurs in larger social groups perform better on social cognition tests, according to a 2013 study, which found that group size predicts their scores more than brain size. Other research has shown distinct personalities in mouse lemurs, which vary from shy to bold to "mean as sin."

  First Descriptions   Carl Linnaeus, the founder of modern binomial nomenclature, gave lemurs their name as early as 1758, when he used it in the 10th edition of Systema Naturae.
       
     

First Descriptions

Carl Linnaeus, the founder of modern binomial nomenclature, gave lemurs their name as early as 1758, when he used it in the 10th edition of Systema Naturae.

  Meet all Lemurs    Lemurs are a class of strepsirrhine primates endemic to the island of Madagascar. The word lemur derives from the word lemures (ghosts or spirits) from Roman mythology and was first used to describe a slender loris due to its nocturnal habits and slow pace, but was later applied to the primates on Madagascar.
       
     

Meet all Lemurs

Lemurs are a class of strepsirrhine primates endemic to the island of Madagascar. The word lemur derives from the word lemures (ghosts or spirits) from Roman mythology and was first used to describe a slender loris due to its nocturnal habits and slow pace, but was later applied to the primates on Madagascar.

  Sniffing Through   To communicate with smell, which is useful at night, lemurs will scent mark with urine as well as scent glands located on the wrists, inside elbow, genital regions, or the neck. The scrotal skin of most male lemurs has scent glands.
       
     

Sniffing Through

To communicate with smell, which is useful at night, lemurs will scent mark with urine as well as scent glands located on the wrists, inside elbow, genital regions, or the neck. The scrotal skin of most male lemurs has scent glands.

  Whats in the Air   Olfaction is particularly important to lemurs. It can communicate information about age, sex, reproductive status, as well as demarcate the boundaries of a territory. It is most useful for communication between animals that rarely encounter each other.
       
     

Whats in the Air

Olfaction is particularly important to lemurs. It can communicate information about age, sex, reproductive status, as well as demarcate the boundaries of a territory. It is most useful for communication between animals that rarely encounter each other.

  Uncertain Paths   Lemurs are threatened by a host of environmental problems, including deforestation, hunting for bushmeat, live capture for the exotic pet trade, and climate change. All species are listed by CITES on Appendix I, which prohibits trade of specimens or parts, except for scientific purposes.
       
     

Uncertain Paths

Lemurs are threatened by a host of environmental problems, including deforestation, hunting for bushmeat, live capture for the exotic pet trade, and climate change. All species are listed by CITES on Appendix I, which prohibits trade of specimens or parts, except for scientific purposes.

  Lady Power   Female dominance over males is rare among mammals, including primates. But it's the norm for lemurs, researchers noted in a 2008 study, "occurring in all lemur families regardless of mating system." And that dynamic is often comically apparent, as Duke University biologist Robin Ann Smith wrote in 2015.
       
     

Lady Power

Female dominance over males is rare among mammals, including primates. But it's the norm for lemurs, researchers noted in a 2008 study, "occurring in all lemur families regardless of mating system." And that dynamic is often comically apparent, as Duke University biologist Robin Ann Smith wrote in 2015.

  Rights means Rights   "It's not uncommon for lady lemurs to bite their mates, snatch a piece of fruit from their hands, whack them in the head or shove them out of prime sleeping spots," she wrote. "Females mark their territories with distinctive scents just as often as males do. Males often don't take their share of a meal until the females have had their fill."
       
     

Rights means Rights

"It's not uncommon for lady lemurs to bite their mates, snatch a piece of fruit from their hands, whack them in the head or shove them out of prime sleeping spots," she wrote. "Females mark their territories with distinctive scents just as often as males do. Males often don't take their share of a meal until the females have had their fill."

  Clever Girl   While it's been known for years that primates can learn new skills faster by studying their peers, a 2018 study reveals that lemurs actually do it backward. The more a lemur performs a new skill, the more popular the lemur becomes.
       
     

Clever Girl

While it's been known for years that primates can learn new skills faster by studying their peers, a 2018 study reveals that lemurs actually do it backward. The more a lemur performs a new skill, the more popular the lemur becomes.

  Getting Close   We observed great intimacy between lemurs. Affiliative behavior is how primates show affection toward each other, such as grooming, touching and sitting close.
       
     

Getting Close

We observed great intimacy between lemurs. Affiliative behavior is how primates show affection toward each other, such as grooming, touching and sitting close.

  What’s in a Name?   "Lemur" was coined in 1795 by Carl Linnaeus, the founder of modern taxonomy, who took it from Latin. Lemures were "evil spirits of the dead" in Roman mythology, according to the Online Etymology Dictionary, and while the origin is hazy before that, it might date back to an ancient, non-Indo-European word for malevolent spirits.
       
     

What’s in a Name?

"Lemur" was coined in 1795 by Carl Linnaeus, the founder of modern taxonomy, who took it from Latin. Lemures were "evil spirits of the dead" in Roman mythology, according to the Online Etymology Dictionary, and while the origin is hazy before that, it might date back to an ancient, non-Indo-European word for malevolent spirits.

  Eerie Surroundings   Lemurs have eerily humanoid bodies, move around with ghostly grace and tend to be active at night. Still, the "evil" part is a little unfair. Linnaeus may not have meant it literally, but certain lemurs — namely the endangered aye-aye — are still haunted by people who do.
       
     

Eerie Surroundings

Lemurs have eerily humanoid bodies, move around with ghostly grace and tend to be active at night. Still, the "evil" part is a little unfair. Linnaeus may not have meant it literally, but certain lemurs — namely the endangered aye-aye — are still haunted by people who do.

IMGP7272.jpg
       
     
IMGP7273.jpg
       
     
  Reflections in Ranomafana River   t least 106 lemur species are known to science, and nearly all of them face a realistic risk of extinction by midcentury. As IUCN lemur expert Jonah Ratsimbazafy told the BBC in 2015, their environment is crumbling all around them. "Just as fish cannot survive without water, lemurs cannot survive without forest," said Ratsimbazafy, noting less than 10 percent of Madagascar's original forest remains.
       
     

Reflections in Ranomafana River

t least 106 lemur species are known to science, and nearly all of them face a realistic risk of extinction by midcentury. As IUCN lemur expert Jonah Ratsimbazafy told the BBC in 2015, their environment is crumbling all around them. "Just as fish cannot survive without water, lemurs cannot survive without forest," said Ratsimbazafy, noting less than 10 percent of Madagascar's original forest remains.

  A Great Family   Lemurs don't just come in lots of shapes, sizes and colors; they range from adorable to eerie, curious to cantankerous and stubborn to resourceful. Despite having grown apart for 60 million years, one look at a lemur can remind us how much we still have in common — and how lucky we are to still have such a big, weird family.
       
     

A Great Family

Lemurs don't just come in lots of shapes, sizes and colors; they range from adorable to eerie, curious to cantankerous and stubborn to resourceful. Despite having grown apart for 60 million years, one look at a lemur can remind us how much we still have in common — and how lucky we are to still have such a big, weird family.

  Endangered   Lemurs' problems largely boil down to human poverty. More than 90 percent of people in Madagascar live on less than $2 a day, and at least 33 percent suffer from malnutrition. This drives many to squeeze income from the island's already-stretched natural resources, often with a type of slash-and-burn farming known as tavi, which torches forest to make room for crops, or by hunting lemurs for food.
       
     

Endangered

Lemurs' problems largely boil down to human poverty. More than 90 percent of people in Madagascar live on less than $2 a day, and at least 33 percent suffer from malnutrition. This drives many to squeeze income from the island's already-stretched natural resources, often with a type of slash-and-burn farming known as tavi, which torches forest to make room for crops, or by hunting lemurs for food.

  Fruit Connoisseur   Ruffed lemurs come in two species: red or black and white, both of which inhabit tropical rain forests in Madagascar and are connoisseurs of its native fruit.
       
     

Fruit Connoisseur

Ruffed lemurs come in two species: red or black and white, both of which inhabit tropical rain forests in Madagascar and are connoisseurs of its native fruit.

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  Keystone Species   Due to their close relationships with native trees — including hardwoods prized by logging interests — ruffed lemurs are seen by scientists as key indicators of forest health.
       
     

Keystone Species

Due to their close relationships with native trees — including hardwoods prized by logging interests — ruffed lemurs are seen by scientists as key indicators of forest health.

  The Great Pollinator   The traveler's palm tree relies primarily on black-and-white ruffed lemurs to pollinate its flowers. Both ruffed species get pollen all over their noses as they eat fruit and nectar, and thus spread pollen to other plants as they forage.
       
     

The Great Pollinator

The traveler's palm tree relies primarily on black-and-white ruffed lemurs to pollinate its flowers. Both ruffed species get pollen all over their noses as they eat fruit and nectar, and thus spread pollen to other plants as they forage.

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  Strange Beginnings   The story of the lemurs begins over 70 million years ago, when lemur-like animals, the planet’s first primates, roamed Africa along with the dinosaurs.
       
     

Strange Beginnings

The story of the lemurs begins over 70 million years ago, when lemur-like animals, the planet’s first primates, roamed Africa along with the dinosaurs.

  Chilling Prosimians   Lemurs belong to a group called prosimian primates, defined as all primates that are neither monkeys nor apes. Though there are many species of lemur, there are very few individuals. Lemurs are considered the most endangered group of animals on the planet. These primates are only found in one small area of the Earth. Many species have small and decreasing numbers.
       
     

Chilling Prosimians

Lemurs belong to a group called prosimian primates, defined as all primates that are neither monkeys nor apes. Though there are many species of lemur, there are very few individuals. Lemurs are considered the most endangered group of animals on the planet. These primates are only found in one small area of the Earth. Many species have small and decreasing numbers.

  Spotted   There are a whopping 105 species of lemur, and they naturally come in a wide range of sizes. These red-fronted brown lemurs have just spotted another primate species taking their photograph.
       
     

Spotted

There are a whopping 105 species of lemur, and they naturally come in a wide range of sizes. These red-fronted brown lemurs have just spotted another primate species taking their photograph.

  Habitat Specialists   Lemurs only live in one place in the world, Madagascar and the nearby Comoros Islands, which are off the coast of Mozambique in Africa. They occupy many different habitats: dry deciduous forests, spiny forests, rain forests, wetlands and mountains.
       
     

Habitat Specialists

Lemurs only live in one place in the world, Madagascar and the nearby Comoros Islands, which are off the coast of Mozambique in Africa. They occupy many different habitats: dry deciduous forests, spiny forests, rain forests, wetlands and mountains.

  Lemur Games   A bit of ‘‘I see your bald patch’’ is in order.
       
     

Lemur Games

A bit of ‘‘I see your bald patch’’ is in order.

  Hand Taste   When lemurs are awake and active depends on their size. Small lemurs are typically nocturnal, which means they are active at night. Larger lemurs, such as this Ruffed lemur are considered diurnal, which means they are active during the day.
       
     

Hand Taste

When lemurs are awake and active depends on their size. Small lemurs are typically nocturnal, which means they are active at night. Larger lemurs, such as this Ruffed lemur are considered diurnal, which means they are active during the day.

  Balanced Diet   Some lemurs are herbivores, which means they do not eat meat. They love fruit, but will also eat flowers, leaves, tree bark and sap. Other lemurs are omnivores and eat a variety of foods that include fruits, nectar, flowers and leaves with a side of insects, spiders and small vertebrates, according to the World Animal Foundation.
       
     

Balanced Diet

Some lemurs are herbivores, which means they do not eat meat. They love fruit, but will also eat flowers, leaves, tree bark and sap. Other lemurs are omnivores and eat a variety of foods that include fruits, nectar, flowers and leaves with a side of insects, spiders and small vertebrates, according to the World Animal Foundation.

  Nervy Future   According to the World Animal Foundation, 16 percent of all lemurs are classified as critically endangered, 23 percent are classified as endangered, 25 percent are classified as vulnerable, 28 percent are "data deficient" and 8 percent are classified as least concern.
       
     

Nervy Future

According to the World Animal Foundation, 16 percent of all lemurs are classified as critically endangered, 23 percent are classified as endangered, 25 percent are classified as vulnerable, 28 percent are "data deficient" and 8 percent are classified as least concern.

  Inquisitive Chappie   The look says it all. Lemurs are hopelessly curious.
       
     

Inquisitive Chappie

The look says it all. Lemurs are hopelessly curious.

  Enchanted Forests   At one with the forest, this lemur stands out against a flurry of foliage.
       
     

Enchanted Forests

At one with the forest, this lemur stands out against a flurry of foliage.

  Social Beings   Lemurs are very social creatures and live in groups called troops. The ring-tail lemur’s troop is led by a dominant female and can include six to 30 animals.
       
     

Social Beings

Lemurs are very social creatures and live in groups called troops. The ring-tail lemur’s troop is led by a dominant female and can include six to 30 animals.

  Call of The Wild   A Ruffed lemur starts his tree top voyage.
       
     

Call of The Wild

A Ruffed lemur starts his tree top voyage.

  The Sound of a Rival   The unmistakable chorus of a rival troop alerts this ruffed lemur.
       
     

The Sound of a Rival

The unmistakable chorus of a rival troop alerts this ruffed lemur.

  Taking the Plunge   A lemur braces himself for a leap across branches.
       
     

Taking the Plunge

A lemur braces himself for a leap across branches.

  Check Below   There just might be a juicy fig on a tempting lower branch.
       
     

Check Below

There just might be a juicy fig on a tempting lower branch.

  Good Hands   Bamboo lemurs appear to have greater manual dexterity and superior hand-eye coordination than other lemurs.
       
     

Good Hands

Bamboo lemurs appear to have greater manual dexterity and superior hand-eye coordination than other lemurs.

  Picky Diet   Only in the winter, when shoots are scarce, will the bamboo lemur eat a significant amount of mature bamboo leaves. At certain times of the year, bamboo accounts for 90% of their diet. At other times of the year berries, grass stems and other young leaves supplement this lemur’s diet.
       
     

Picky Diet

Only in the winter, when shoots are scarce, will the bamboo lemur eat a significant amount of mature bamboo leaves. At certain times of the year, bamboo accounts for 90% of their diet. At other times of the year berries, grass stems and other young leaves supplement this lemur’s diet.

  Dexterity Defined   While foraging through a thick stand of bamboo, searching for these tender bits, the bamboo lemur simply doesn’t have time for the typical lemur food searching strategy which is to sniff each and every potential bite. Instead, the bamboo lemur will stand in one spot, and visually scan the nearby foliage for that special shoot.
       
     

Dexterity Defined

While foraging through a thick stand of bamboo, searching for these tender bits, the bamboo lemur simply doesn’t have time for the typical lemur food searching strategy which is to sniff each and every potential bite. Instead, the bamboo lemur will stand in one spot, and visually scan the nearby foliage for that special shoot.

  Upright in Life   Bamboo Lemurs prefer to maintain an upright position when traveling through the trees, and will do so by quickly jumping from one vertical bamboo stalk to another as they make their way through the forest.
       
     

Upright in Life

Bamboo Lemurs prefer to maintain an upright position when traveling through the trees, and will do so by quickly jumping from one vertical bamboo stalk to another as they make their way through the forest.

  Social Bamboolians   In the wild, the gray gentle lemur lives in groups ranging from three to six, and which in some instances might contain more than one female of breeding age.
       
     

Social Bamboolians

In the wild, the gray gentle lemur lives in groups ranging from three to six, and which in some instances might contain more than one female of breeding age.

  All in a Day’s Scent    Scent marking is an important method of communication for bamboo lemurs. Surprisingly, the male bamboo lemur is equipped with a set of scent glands exactly like those found on male ring-tailed lemurs, but not found on any other type of lemur.
       
     

All in a Day’s Scent

Scent marking is an important method of communication for bamboo lemurs. Surprisingly, the male bamboo lemur is equipped with a set of scent glands exactly like those found on male ring-tailed lemurs, but not found on any other type of lemur.

  Gentle Grays   In the wild, the gray gentle lemur lives in groups ranging from three to six, and which in some instances might contain more than one female of breeding age.
       
     

Gentle Grays

In the wild, the gray gentle lemur lives in groups ranging from three to six, and which in some instances might contain more than one female of breeding age.

  Range    Home range size ranges from 8 ha to 15 ha depending on the quality of the habitat. As is true of most lemur species, females are dominant over males, and in the wild as well as in captivity they will invest some energy in chasing the males away from choice feeding sites.
       
     

Range

Home range size ranges from 8 ha to 15 ha depending on the quality of the habitat. As is true of most lemur species, females are dominant over males, and in the wild as well as in captivity they will invest some energy in chasing the males away from choice feeding sites.

  Call of Duty   A Bamboo Lemur heralds the presence of a good bamboo meal.
       
     

Call of Duty

A Bamboo Lemur heralds the presence of a good bamboo meal.

  Dinner Time   Finally, the bamboo shoots are ready.
       
     

Dinner Time

Finally, the bamboo shoots are ready.

  Chomp   A healthy shoot of bamboo goes down a sweet-toothed mouth.
       
     

Chomp

A healthy shoot of bamboo goes down a sweet-toothed mouth.

  Chew   The bamboo shoot requires heavy duty mastication.
       
     

Chew

The bamboo shoot requires heavy duty mastication.

  Slurp   Swallowing leaves spaghetti-style is always an option.
       
     

Slurp

Swallowing leaves spaghetti-style is always an option.

  Burp   A heavy meal comes with a price.
       
     

Burp

A heavy meal comes with a price.

  Cappuccino, Espresso?   Once lunch is over, a rest and a grooming session are in order.
       
     

Cappuccino, Espresso?

Once lunch is over, a rest and a grooming session are in order.